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What are the benefits of hosting a major league sports franchise?

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Author Info

  • Jordan Rappaport
  • Chad Wilkerson

Abstract

Over the last few decades the number of U.S. metropolitan areas large enough to host a franchise from one of the four major professional sports leagues has soared. Even as major league baseball, football, basketball and hockey have expanded to include more franchises, demand by metro areas continues to exceed supply. Metro areas have thus been forced to compete with each other to retain and attract franchises. ; The resulting large public spending on new sports facilities has been quite controversial. Usually these costly projects are justified by claims that hosting a sports franchise spurs local economic development by creating numerous new jobs and boosting local tax revenue. Independent economic studies suggest, however, that such benefits are much smaller than the outlay of public funds. ; Does this mean that public funding of sports franchises is not justified? Perhaps not. Rappaport and Wilkerson review the current rush by metro areas to build sports facilities. They lay out the arguments both in favor of and against using public funds to do so. They show why the job creation and tax revenue benefits from hosting a major league franchise fall far short of typical public outlays on constructing a new sports facility. Finally, they argue that the large quality-of-life benefits associated with hosting a major league team may justify the public outlays.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City in its journal Economic Review.

Volume (Year): (2001)
Issue (Month): Q I ()
Pages: 55-86

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedker:y:2001:i:qi:p:55-86:n:v.86no.1

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Keywords: Professional sports;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Georgios Kavetsos & Stefan Szymanski, 2008. "National Wellbeing and International Sports Events," Working Papers 0804, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists.
  2. Sparvero, Emily & Chalip, Laurence, 2007. "Professional Teams as Leverageable Assets: Strategic Creation of Community Value," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 1-30, May.
  3. Andrew K. Rose & Mark M. Spiegel, 2011. "The Olympic Effect," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(553), pages 652-677, 06.
  4. Carolyn A. Dehring & Craig A. Depken, II & Michael R. Ward, 2006. "The Impact of Stadium Announcements on Residential Property Values: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Dallas-Fort Worth," Working Papers 0616, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists.
  5. Robert Gasquez & Vicente Royuela, 2012. "Is football an indicator of development at the international level?," Working Papers in Economics 275, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  6. Xia Feng & Brad R. Humphreys, 2008. "Assessing the Economic Impact of Sports Facilities on Residential Property Values: A Spatial Hedonic Approach," Working Papers 0812, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists.
  7. Gerald Carlino & N. Edward Coulson, 2002. "Compensating differentials and the social benefits of the NFL," Working Papers 02-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  8. Bruce Johnson & Mike Mondello & John C. Whitehead, 2004. "Contingent Valuation of Sports Stadiums and Arenas: Temporal Embedding and Order Effect," Working Papers 04-15, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, revised 2005.
  9. Bruce K. Johnson & Michael J. Mondello & John C. Whitehead, 2005. "What is the Value of Public Goods Generated by a National Football League Team: A CVM Approach," Working Papers 05-10, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  10. Pelnar, Gregory, 2007. "Antitrust Analysis of Sports Leagues," MPRA Paper 5382, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Brown, Matthew & Nagel, Mark & McEvoy, Chad & Rascher, Daniel, 2004. "Revenue and Wealth Maximization in the National Football League: The Impact of Stadia," MPRA Paper 25741, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Friedson, Andrew I. & Bogin, Alexander N., 2013. "Winning pays: High school football championships and property values," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 54-61.
  13. Jordan Rappaport, 2005. "The shared fortunes of cities and suburbs," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q III, pages 33-60.

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