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Empirical and policy performance of a forward-looking monetary model

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  • Alexei Onatski
  • Noah Williams

Abstract

In this paper we consider the policy implications of a fully specified dynamic general equilibrium model, developed by Smets and Wouters (2003a). This is a relatively large-scale forward looking model, which was shown to provide a good fit to the data. However there has been little previous work analyzing monetary policy within such a model. We first re-examine the empirical performance of the model. We show that systematically accounting for prior uncertainty leads to substantially different parameter estimates. However many of the qualitative features of the model remain similar under the alternative estimates that we find. We then formulate and analyze optimal policy rules in the model. In addition a standard, but ad hoc, loss function we derive and justify a utility-based loss function for the model. We determine the optimal equilibrium dynamics under both loss functions and under both sets of parameter estimates. Then we discuss alternative ways of implementing the optimal equilibrium. We find that there is much scope for indeterminacy in the model, and that optimal policy rules developed for one set of estimates may perform poorly if the economy is governed by the other set. We finally turn to the analysis of simple policy rules, finding that for the simple loss function these rules perform relatively well and are robust to different parameter estimates. Overall, our results suggest that the model may be relatively robust in its ability to capture certain aspects of the data. However some caution should be exercised in using the structural estimates, and in particular it may be dangerous to pursue fully optimal policy in such complex models.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco in its journal Proceedings.

Volume (Year): (2004)
Issue (Month): Mar ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfpr:y:2004:i:mar:x:6

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Keywords: Interest rates ; Monetary policy;

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References

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  1. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2002. "An estimated dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of the euro area," Working Paper Research 35, National Bank of Belgium.
  2. Jeffrey C. Fuhrer, 2000. "Habit Formation in Consumption and Its Implications for Monetary-Policy Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 367-390, June.
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