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Corruption and Fertility: Evidence from OECD countries

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  • Eiji Yamamura

Abstract

This paper uses panel data of OECD countries during the period 1995–2003 to examine how corruption affects fertility. The Corruption Perceptions Index is used to measure the degree of corruption. Fixed effects IV estimation and the Arellano-Bond dynamic panel estimation are employed to control for endogenous bias and unobservable country-specific effects. Results suggest that the fertility rate is higher in less corrupted countries. From this, the argument can be made that lack of political corruption underlies desirable conditions for child rearing in developed countries.

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File URL: http://www.eeri.eu/documents/jee/JEE_2011_02_02.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels in its journal Journal of Economics and Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 54 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 34-57

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Handle: RePEc:eei:journl:v:54:y:2011:i:2:p:34-57

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Keywords: Corruption; fertility; political institutions.;

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  1. Arellano, Manuel, 2003. "Panel Data Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245291, October.
  2. Aidt, Toke & Dutta, Jayasri & Sena, Vania, 2008. "Governance regimes, corruption and growth: Theory and evidence," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 195-220, June.
  3. Andreas Bergh & Christian Bjørnskov, 2011. "Historical Trust Levels Predict the Current Size of the Welfare State," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(1), pages 1-19, 02.
  4. DE LA CROIX, David & DELAVALLADE, Clara, 2006. "Growth, public investment and corruption with failing institutions," CORE Discussion Papers, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) 2006101, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Jie Zhang & Junsen Zhang, 2005. "The Effect of Life Expectancy on Fertility, Saving, Schooling and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 107(1), pages 45-66, 03.
  6. Das Gupta, Monica, 1999. "Liberte, egalite, fraternite : exploring the role of governance in fertility decline," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2126, The World Bank.
  7. Galor, Oded & Weil, David N, 1996. "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 374-87, June.
  8. Rainald Borck, 2011. "Federalism, Fertility, and Growth," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 113(1), pages 30-54, 03.
  9. Del Monte, Alfredo & Papagni, Erasmo, 2001. "Public expenditure, corruption, and economic growth: the case of Italy," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 1-16, March.
  10. Philip Shaw & Marina-Selini Katsaiti & Marius Jurgilas, 2006. "Corruption and Growth Under Weak Identification," Working papers, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics 2006-17, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2007.
  11. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1.
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