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Geographic concentration of innovative activities in Germany

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  • Fornahl, Dirk
  • Brenner, Thomas

Abstract

The geographic concentration of industries has attracted much attention in recent economic and geographic literature. One mechanism employed to explain the emergence and comparative advantage of industrial agglomerations is based on the relationship between industrial agglomeration and local knowledge production and diffusion, and the resulting innovation activities. This paper analyses this relationship by identifying geographic concentrations of innovation activities and examining different causes for the emergence of these concentrations. The paper applies different concentration measures to patent data for German regions. We analyse 43 technological fields separately to identify which of these technologies tend to cluster in geographic space. The results are discussed in light of theoretical predictions of why specific technological fields concentrate while others do not. These explanations include the concentration of industrial activities, the role of dominant firms, dependence on scientific knowledge, and local interactions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Structural Change and Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 20 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 163-182

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Handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:20:y:2009:i:3:p:163-182

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/525148

Related research

Keywords: Spatial concentration Innovation Technology Concentration indices;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ana Paula Faria & Natália Barbosa & Vasco Eiriz, 2013. "Firms’ innovation across regions: an exploratory study," NIPE Working Papers, NIPE - Universidade do Minho 12/2013, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  2. Gerald Carlino & William R. Kerr, 2014. "Agglomeration and Innovation," NBER Working Papers 20367, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Christ, Julian P., 2010. "Geographic concentration and spatial inequality: Two decades of EPO patenting at the level of European micro regions," Violette Reihe Arbeitspapiere 32/2010, Promotionsschwerpunkt "Globalisierung und Beschaeftigung".

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