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Implementing Bayh-Dole-like laws: Faculty problems and their impact on university patenting activity

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  • Baldini, Nicola

Abstract

The implementation of a Bayh-Dole-like legislation outside the US is still a major concern that needs to be addressed. I fill this gap in two ways. First, I report the results of a faculty survey on obstacles to patenting activity in Italian universities, targeted both to inventors and to those non-inventors which reported to engage in university patenting activity and to give up before any patents could be filed. Second, I investigate their effect in a regression model using universities' patent counts as the dependent variable. Results show that obstacles to university patenting activity reduce to four dimensions: lack of support mechanisms (including insufficient reward for researchers, lack of a TTO, lack of funds to cover patenting costs), commercialisation problems, too heavy teaching and administrative duties, and personal/cultural problems (related to the scarce knowledge of institutional-level patent regulations and to the "open science" mentality of the university). Among them, however, only the lack of support by the university administration reduces the patent counts. Publication productivity has an inverted U-shaped relation with patent counts, but the overall effect is still largely positive, given the current publication levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

Volume (Year): 38 (2009)
Issue (Month): 8 (October)
Pages: 1217-1224

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Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:38:y:2009:i:8:p:1217-1224

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Keywords: University patent Obstacle Faculty survey Substitution effect Open science;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Grimaldi, Rosa & Kenney, Martin & Siegel, Donald S. & Wright, Mike, 2011. "30 years after Bayh-Dole: Reassessing academic entrepreneurship," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(8), pages 1045-1057, October.
  2. repec:wip:wpaper:4 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Pluvia Zuniga, 2011. "The State of Patenting at Research Institutions in Developing Countries: Policy Approaches and Practices," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division 04, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, revised Dec 2011.
  4. Pojo, Sabrina Da Rosa & Vidal, Valéria Schneider & Zen, Aurora Carneiro & Barros, Henrique M., 2013. "Management of Intellectual Property in Brazilian Universities: a Multiple Case Study," Insper Working Papers, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa wpe_330, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
  5. Novotny, Ádám, 2013. "Az egyetemi-ipari technológiatranszfer sajátosságai Magyarországon
    [The features of university-industry technology transfer in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 1119-1139.

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