Trapped at home: The effect of mothers' temporary labor market exits on their subsequent work career
AbstractThis paper investigates how mothers' decision to stay at home with young children affects their subsequent work careers. Identification is based on the introduction of the Cash-for-Care program in Norway in 1998, which increased mothers' incentives to withdraw from the labor market when their child was one and two years old. Our estimates demonstrate that, for mothers without a university degree or with pre-reform earnings below the median, the program had effects on earnings and full-time employment even when the child was no longer eligible for Cash-for-Care at ages four and five. However, from age six, we can no longer see any effects. Further analysis suggests that the effects dissipate because most mothers remained attached to the labor force through part-time employment.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.
Volume (Year): 24 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco
Female labor supply; Family; Home production; Parental leave;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
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