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Post-compulsory education and imprisonment

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  • Brugård, Kaja Høiseth
  • Falch, Torberg

Abstract

This paper studies the causal relationship between education and crime. Using Norwegian register data, we estimate the effect of a post-compulsory high school education on imprisonment for young adults. The identification in the instrumental variables model is based on variation in the supply of school slots across school districts and neighborhoods. We find that the number of semesters in high school education has a strong diminishing effect on imprisonment. The effect is robust to model specification, but seems to be related to prior skills.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.

Volume (Year): 23 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 97-106

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Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:23:y:2013:i:c:p:97-106

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco

Related research

Keywords: Imprisonment; Crime; Post-compulsory education; Student achievement;

References

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  1. Machin Stephen & Marie Olivier & Vujić Sunčica, 2012. "Youth crime and education expansion," ROA Research Memorandum 009, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  2. Denis Fougère & Francis Kramarz & Julien Pouget, 2007. "Youth Unemployment and Crime in France," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2007-33, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  3. Bjarne Strøm & Torberg Falch & Päivi Lujala, 2011. "Geographical constraints and educational attainment," Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology 11811, Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
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  11. Costas Meghir & MÃ¥rten Palme & Marieke Schnabel, 2011. "The effect of education policy on crime: an intergenerational perspective," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W11/11, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  12. Damon Clark & Heather Royer, 2010. "The Effect of Education on Adult Health and Mortality: Evidence from Britain," NBER Working Papers 16013, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Lance Lochner & Enrico Moretti, 2004. "The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 155-189, March.
  14. Isaac Ehrlich, 1973. "The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: A Question of Life and Death," NBER Working Papers 0018, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. David J. Deming, 2011. "Better Schools, Less Crime?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(4), pages 2063-2115.
  16. Lorraine Dearden & Carl Emmerson & Costas Meghir, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers and School Dropout Rates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(4).
  17. Julie Berry Cullen & Brian A Jacob & Steven Levitt, 2006. "The Effect of School Choice on Participants: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 74(5), pages 1191-1230, 09.
  18. Ming-Jen Lin, 2008. "Does Unemployment Increase Crime?: Evidence from U.S. Data 1974–2000," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(2), pages 413-436.
  19. Hjalmarsson, Randi & Holmlund, Helena & Lindquist, Matthew, 2011. "The Effect of Education on Criminal Convictions and Incarceration: Causal Evidence from Micro-data," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8646, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  20. Ricardo Sabates & Leon Feinstein, 2008. "Effects of government initiatives on youth crime," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 462-483, July.
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