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Do we need big banks? Evidence on performance, strategy and market discipline

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Author Info

  • Bertay, Ata Can
  • Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli
  • Huizinga, Harry

Abstract

For an international sample of banks, we construct measures of a bank’s absolute size and its systemic size defined as size relative to the national economy. We then examine how a bank’s risk and return on equity, its activity mix and funding strategy, and the extent to which it faces market discipline depend on both size measures. We show that bank returns increase with absolute size, yet decline with systemic size, while neither size measure is associated with bank risk as implicit in the Z-score. These results are consistent with the view that growing to a size that is systemic is not in the interest of bank shareholders. We also find that systemically large banks are subject to greater market discipline as evidenced by a higher sensitivity of their funding costs to risk proxies, consistent with the view that they can become too large to save. A bank’s interest costs, however, are estimated to decline with bank systemic size for all banks apart from those with very low capitalization levels. This suggests that market discipline, exercised through funding costs, does not prevent banks from attaining larger systemic size.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Intermediation.

Volume (Year): 22 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 532-558

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinin:v:22:y:2013:i:4:p:532-558

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622875

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Keywords: Bank size; Systemic risk; Market discipline;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Suleyman Hilmi Kal & Nuran Arslaner & Ferhat Arslaner, 2014. "Inflation Dynamics and Business Cycles," Working Paper 19, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul.
  2. Beltratti, Andrea & Paladino, Giovanna, 2013. "Why do banks optimize risk weights? The relevance of the cost of equity capital," MPRA Paper 46410, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Ahmet Duran & Burhaneddin Izgi, 2014. "Comovement and Polarization of Interest Rate and Stock Market in Turkey," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 130-141, March.
  4. Sadettin Haluk Citci, 2014. "Agency and Transparency in Financial Markets," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 110-120, March.
  5. Zaghini, Andrea, 2014. "Bank bonds: Size, systemic relevance and the sovereign," CFS Working Paper Series 454, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  6. Apergis, Nicholas, 2014. "The long-term role of non-traditional banking in profitability and risk profiles: Evidence from a panel of U.S. banking institutions," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 61-73.
  7. Alessandri, Piergiorgio & Masciantonio, Sergio & Zaghini, Andrea, 2014. "Everything you always wanted to know about systemic importance (but were afraid to ask)," CFS Working Paper Series 463, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  8. Bozos, Konstantinos & Koutmos, Dimitrios & Song, Wei, 2013. "Beta risk and price synchronicity of bank acquirers’ common stock following merger announcements," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 47-58.
  9. Ege Yazgan, 2014. "The effect of investors' confidence on monetary policy- economic growth relationship: a Multivariate GARCH approach," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 82-109, March.
  10. Sezer Bozkus Kahyaoglu & M. Vedat Pazarlioglu, 2014. "Hedging Strategy for Electricity Market Price Volatility: The Case of Turkish Electricity Market," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 196-210, March.
  11. Fabian Kuehnhausen, 2014. "The Impact of Financial Innovation on Firm Stability," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 211-239, March.
  12. Cristina Bernini & Paola Brighi, 2011. "Relationship Lending, Distance and Efficiency in a Heterogeneous Banking System," Working Paper Series 41_11, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  13. Antonina Waszczuk, 2014. "Assembling International Equity Datasets – Review of Studies on the Cross-Section of Common Stocks," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 34-65, March.
  14. Guzin Gulsun Akin & Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Gültekin Gollu & Levent Yildiran, 2014. "Formal and Informal Regulations for Credit Card Payment Services," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 1-33, March.
  15. Mehmet Balcilar & Riza Demirer, 2014. "The Effect of Global Shocks and Volatility on Herd Behavior in Borsa Istanbul," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 142-172, March.
  16. Grammatikos, Theoharry & Papanikolaou, Nikolaos I., 2013. "What lies behind the “too-small-to-survive” banks?," MPRA Paper 51431, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2013.
  17. Hamid Mohtadi & Stefan Ruediger, 2014. "Volatility and Transparency of Financial Markets in the MENA Region," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 173-195, March.
  18. Samuel R\"onnqvist & Peter Sarlin, 2014. "Bank Networks from Text: Interrelations, Centrality and Determinants," Papers 1406.7752, arXiv.org.
  19. Orhan Erdem & Evren Arik & Serkan Yuksel, 2014. "Trading Puzzle," BIFEC Book of Abstracts & Proceedings, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 1(2), pages 66-81, March.

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