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Trade and the greenhouse gas emissions from international freight transport

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  • Cristea, Anca
  • Hummels, David
  • Puzzello, Laura
  • Avetisyan, Misak

Abstract

We collect extensive data on worldwide trade by transportation mode and use this to provide detailed comparisons of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with output versus international transportation of traded goods. International transport is responsible for 33 percent of world-wide trade-related emissions, and over 75 percent of emissions for major manufacturing categories. Including transport dramatically changes the ranking of countries by emissions per dollar of trade. We systematically investigate whether trade inclusive of transport can lower emissions. In one quarter of cases, the difference in output emissions is more than enough to compensate for the emissions cost of transport. Finally, we examine how likely patterns of global trade growth will affect modal use and emissions. Full liberalization of tariffs and GDP growth concentrated in China and India lead to transport emissions growing much faster than the value of trade, due to trade shifting toward distant trading partners.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

Volume (Year): 65 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 153-173

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:65:y:2013:i:1:p:153-173

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622870

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Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions; International transport emissions; World trade growth; International trade by transport mode;

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References

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  1. Ahuja, Vinod & Filmer, Deon, 1995. "Educational attainments in developing countries : new estimates and projections disaggregated by gender," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1489, The World Bank.
  2. Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika & Ekstrom, Marianne Pipping & Shanahan, Helena, 2003. "Food and life cycle energy inputs: consequences of diet and ways to increase efficiency," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(2-3), pages 293-307, March.
  3. Jean Marie Grether & Nicole A. Mathys & Jaime de Melo, 2008. "Global Manufacturing SO2 Emissions: Does Trade Matter?," Development Working Papers, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano 263, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  4. Arik Levinson, 2007. "Technology, International Trade, and Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 13616, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Cadarso, María-Ángeles & López, Luis-Antonio & Gómez, Nuria & Tobarra, María-Ángeles, 2010. "CO2 emissions of international freight transport and offshoring: Measurement and allocation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(8), pages 1682-1694, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Hummels, David, 2001. "Time as a Trade Barrier," GTAP Working Papers, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University 1152, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  2. Pierre-Louis Vezina & David von Below, 2013. "The Trade Consequences of Pricey Oil," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics OxCarre Research Paper 11, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  3. Jaime de Melo, 2012. "Trade in a 'Green Growth' Development Strategy Global Scale Issues and Challenges," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2012.47, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  4. López, Luis Antonio & Arce, Guadalupe & Zafrilla, Jorge Enrique, 2013. "Parcelling virtual carbon in the pollution haven hypothesis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 177-186.
  5. Michael Keen & Ian Parry & Jon Strand, 2013. "Planes, ships and taxes: charging for international aviation and maritime emissions," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 28(76), pages 701-749, October.
  6. Martin Wermelinger, 2012. "Do "green" state measures make import patterns "climate-friendly"? The case of the Asia-Pacific region," FIW Working Paper series, FIW 079, FIW.
  7. Malin Song & Nan Wu & Kaiya Wu, 2014. "Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency of the Transportation Sector in Shanghai," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 702-717, February.
  8. Lee, Tsung-Chen & Chang, Young-Tae & Lee, Paul T.W., 2013. "Economy-wide impact analysis of a carbon tax on international container shipping," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 87-102.
  9. Misak Avetisyan & Thomas Hertel & Gregory Sampson, 2014. "Is Local Food More Environmentally Friendly? The GHG Emissions Impacts of Consuming Imported versus Domestically Produced Food," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(3), pages 415-462, July.
  10. Xiao Chen & Alan Woodland, 2013. "International trade and climate change," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 381-413, June.

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