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The choice of ADRs

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  • Boubakri, Narjess
  • Cosset, Jean-Claude
  • Samet, Anis
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    Abstract

    We study the determinants of a firm's decision to issue one of the four available ADR programs (Level I, Level II, Level III, and Rule 144A). We find that the firm's attributes (size, income, asset growth, leverage, privatization, ownership structure, and country-of-origin) and the firm's home-country institutional variables (accounting rating and legal protection of minority shareholders) condition this choice. We also examine the issuing activity and the determinants of the ADR choice before and after the enactment of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act. Following this structural change, we provide evidence of a reallocation between ADR programs. Compared to the pre-SOX period, firms from emerging markets, and those from countries with weak legal protection of minority shareholders, are more likely after SOX to choose Rule 144A and Level III, respectively.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 2077-2095

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:9:p:2077-2095

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

    Related research

    Keywords: ADR Bonding Governance Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Pan, Lee-Hsien & Lin, Chien-Ting & Yang, Pei-Chi, 2013. "Corporate governance, growth opportunities, and the choices of cross-listings: The case of Chinese ADRs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 221-234.
    2. Thomas O'Connor, 2014. "Legal bonding, investor recognition, and cross-listing premia in emerging markets," International Journal of Accounting and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(3), pages 209-239.
    3. Thomas O'Connor & Julie Byrne, 2013. "Governance and the corporate life-cycle," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n248-13.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    4. Lee, Hei Wai & Valero, Magali, 2010. "Cross-listing effect on information environment of foreign firms: ADR type and country characteristics," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(4-5), pages 178-196, December.

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