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Why they moved -- Emigration from the Swedish countryside to the United States, 1881-1910

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  • Bohlin, Jan
  • Eurenius, Anna-Maria
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    Abstract

    Swedish emigration rates were among the highest in Europe in the late nineteenth century. The majority of the emigrants originated from the countryside. In the article the determinants of emigration from the Swedish countryside to the United States are explored using panel regression methods on a newly constructed dataset consisting of yearly observations for 20 counties over the period 1881-1910. Amidst sharp fluctuations the emigration rate declined over the long term, which is explained by a rise in the standard of living and improved employment opportunities at home. Persistent regional differences in the emigration rate are explained by regional differences in population density and emigration tradition.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WFJ-50NBNV2-1/2/c741b77159e60d6482bcfe8b6c81ccf4
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Explorations in Economic History.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 533-551

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:47:y:2010:i:4:p:533-551

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622830

    Related research

    Keywords: International migration Sweden Late nineteenth century Long swings Panel data Fixed effects;

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    Cited by:
    1. Kerstin Enflo & Joan Ramón Rosés, 2012. "Coping with Regional Inequality in Sweden: Structural Change, Migrations and Policy, 1860-2000," Working Papers 0029, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).

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