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Migrations internationales, régimes de change et politiques sociales : un nouveau trilemme de politique économique ?

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  • David Khoudour-Casteras

Abstract

La thèse s'articule autour de deux idées principales : d'une part la mobilité du travail constitue un mécanisme d'ajustement essentiel en régime de change fixe ; d'autre part, le développement des politiques sociales contribue à ralentir le processus d'émigration. L'argumentation s'appuie à la fois sur une réflexion théorique, fondée notamment sur la théorie des zones monétaires optimales, et sur une analyse historique, centrée sur deux époques de l'histoire contemporaine : celle de l'étalon-or et celle de l'entre-deux-guerres. Le chapitre 1 s'attache ainsi à montrer le rôle clé des migrations internationales dans le processus d'ajustement de l'étalon-or. Le chapitre 2 analyse ensuite l'impact de la législation bismarckienne sur l'émigration allemande. Enfin, le chapitre 3 fournit une explication alternative à la chute de l'étalon-or. Au total, l'objectif de la thèse est de montrer l'existence d'un trilemme de politique économique entre migrations internationales, régimes de change et politiques sociales.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/f4rshpf3v1umfa09lat1n0o44.

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Length: 189 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/f4rshpf3v1umfa09lat1n0o44

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Keywords: International migration; International Monetary System; gold standard; social policies; Germany;

References

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