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Capital-energy substitution and shifts in factor demand: A meta-analysis

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  • Koetse, Mark J.
  • de Groot, Henri L.F.
  • Florax, Raymond J.G.M.

Abstract

This paper presents a meta-analysis of capital-energy substitution elasticities. We distinguish between Morishima elasticities, which measure technological substitution potential, and cross-price elasticities, which measure actual percentage changes in capital demand in response to energy price changes. We estimate a meta-regression model with separate coefficients for the two elasticity samples. The results show that the heterogeneity in both the cross-price and Morishima elasticity samples can to a large extent be explained by study differences in, among others, model specification, data characteristics, region and time period. Controlling for potential sources of misspecification and aggregation bias we subsequently calculate short- and long-run elasticities for different regions and time periods. The resulting elasticities show that technological substitution potential is large, especially in the long run for North America. Despite substantial differences across regions and time periods, the estimated cross-price elasticities suggest capital-energy substitutability without exception.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Economics.

Volume (Year): 30 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5 (September)
Pages: 2236-2251

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:30:y:2008:i:5:p:2236-2251

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  1. Abay Mulatu & Raymond J.G.M. Florax & Cees A. Withagen, 2004. "Environmental Regulation and International Trade," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-020/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Kuper, Gerard H. & van Soest, Daan P., 2003. "Path-dependency and input substitution: implications for energy policy modelling," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 397-407, July.
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  1. Estimating a Two-Equation Model of the Swedish Economy
    by David Stern in Stochastic Trend on 2009-08-26 05:20:00
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