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Multi-region input–output analysis of CO2 emissions embodied in trade: The feedback effects

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  • Su, Bin
  • Ang, B.W.
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    Abstract

    Energy-related CO2 emissions embodied in international trade have been widely studied by researchers using the environmental input–output framework. Despite the increasing interest in using the multi-regional input–output (MRIO) model by researchers, few studies have looked into the mechanism of feedback effects. We introduce a method called the stepwise distribution of emissions embodied in trade (SWD-EET) to reveal how the emissions embodied in trade are absorbed by a country's final demands through a series of allocation steps. A country's indirect absorption patterns and its indirect trade balance of emissions from bilateral trade with other countries are also studied based on the proposed method. An empirical study using the data of Asian economies shows significant differences in the “consumption-based” emission estimates for some economies due to feedback effects through international trade. The differences can be largely captured by the first step or the first two steps of the adjustment procedure in the SWD-EET analysis. Other findings and some recommendations are also presented.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

    Volume (Year): 71 (2011)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 42-53

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:71:y:2011:i:c:p:42-53

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

    Related research

    Keywords: Input–output analysis; Emissions embodied in trade; Consumption-based emissions; Feedback effects; Stepwise distribution analysis;

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    Cited by:
    1. Chen, Zhan-Ming, 2014. "Inflationary effect of coal price change on the Chinese economy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 301-309.
    2. Su, Bin & Ang, B.W., 2012. "Structural decomposition analysis applied to energy and emissions: Some methodological developments," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 177-188.
    3. López, Luis Antonio & Arce, Guadalupe & Zafrilla, Jorge Enrique, 2013. "Parcelling virtual carbon in the pollution haven hypothesis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 177-186.
    4. Anderson, Blake & M'Gonigle, Michael, 2012. "Does ecological economics have a future?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 37-48.
    5. Qi, Tianyu & Winchester, Niven & Karplus, Valerie J. & Zhang, Xiliang, 2014. "Will economic restructuring in China reduce trade-embodied CO2 emissions?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 204-212.
    6. Zhang, Youguo, 2013. "The responsibility for carbon emissions and carbon efficiency at the sectoral level: Evidence from China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 967-975.
    7. Su, Bin & Ang, B.W., 2013. "Input–output analysis of CO2 emissions embodied in trade: Competitive versus non-competitive imports," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 83-87.
    8. Su, Bin & Ang, B.W. & Low, Melissa, 2013. "Input–output analysis of CO2 emissions embodied in trade and the driving forces: Processing and normal exports," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 119-125.

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