Education's role in China's structural transformation
AbstractWe explore education's role in improving the allocation of labor between China's agricultural and nonagricultural sectors and measure the portion of China's recent growth attributable to this channel. Using detailed micro-level data and an empirical model that allows for the endogenous selection of education and sector of employment, we estimate the relationship between an individual's educational attainment, sector, and income. We find that about 11% of aggregate growth in output per worker from 1978 to 2004 is accounted for by increased education, with 9% coming through the labor-reallocation channel and 2% attributable to increased within-sector human capital.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.
Volume (Year): 101 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
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China; Returns to education; Labor reallocation; Structural transformation; Growth accounting;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O5 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
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