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Modelos de equilibrio general dinámicos y estocásticos para Colombia 1995-2011

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  • Ramiro Rodríguez Revilla

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Abstract

Este documento presenta una revisión cronológica de los Modelos de Equilibrio General Dinámicos y Estocásticos (DSGE) desde 1995 hasta el 2011 desarrollados para la economía colombiana. Los modelos DSGE siguen la corriente de los nuevos modelos neo keynesianos y neoclásicos que se caracterizan por incluir optimización intertemporal, expectativas racionales, competencia imperfecta, costos de ajuste de precios y rigideces; pero aún les falta por incluir temas como la heterogeneidad en los consumidores y racionalidad limitada. Estos modelos son dinámicos por cuanto todas las decisiones que toman los agentes se consideran intertemporales y son estocásticos porque incorporan perturbaciones con incertidumbre que afectan de manera continua a la economía. En Colombia la mayoría de estos modelos se han diseñado para evaluar y pronosticar políticas monetarias, aun falta por desarrollar modelos que cubran mejor las políticas fiscales, el mercado y la informalidad laboral. Abstract:This paper shows a chronological survey of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models from 1995 until 2011 developed to Colombian economy. The DSGE models follows the stream of new neo Keynesian models which includes intertemporal optimization, rational expectations, imperfect competence, adjust prices cost and rigidities; but still it is missing heterogeneity in consumers and bounded rationality. These models are dynamic because all decisions are intertemporal and stochastic due to include perturbations with uncertainty which affect continually to economy. In Colombia almost all these models have been designed to evaluate and forecast monetary policies, issues like fiscal policy, labor market and informality have yet to be fully explored.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT in its journal REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000442:009645

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Keywords: DSGE; modelos de equilibrio general; política monetaria; política fiscal.;

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References

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