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Posición externa de largo plazo y tipo de cambio real de equilibrio en Colombia

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  • Ojeda Joya, Jair

    ()

  • Torres, Jhon Edwar

    ()

Abstract

Resumen: En este trabajo se calcula un nivel de equilibrio para los Activos Externos Netos de Colombia (AEN), y se estudian sus implicaciones sobre el Tipo de Cambio Real (TCR). Para determinar el nivel de equilibrio de AEN, se estima un vector de cointegración con un panel de datos con efectos fijos ajustado por medio de Mínimos Cuadrados Dinámicos. A partir del nivel de largo plazo estimado de AEN, se analizan las implicaciones sobre el TCR a través de la metodología de Sostenibilidad Externa, la cual permite derivar niveles ideales de la cuenta corriente y del TCR. Los principales resultados indican que durante los últimos años, el nivel de AEN se ha ubicado cerca a sus niveles de largo plazo. Además, el TCR ha estado por encima de sus niveles ideales debido a que los balances en cuenta corriente observados han sido mejores que los niveles normativos que esta estimación implica.Abstract: This paper calculates an equilibrium level for Net Foreign Assets (NFA) in Colombia, and discusses its implications for the real exchange rate (RER). In order to obtain the equilibrium level of NFA, we estimate a cointegrating vector with fixed-effects panel data adjusted by using Dynamic Least Squares (DOLS). From this estimated long-run level of NFA, we analyze the implications on the RER by means of the External Sustainability methodology, which allows deriving ideal levels for the current account and the RER. Our main results show that the NFA levels have been close to their long-run levelsin recent years. Furthermore, the RER has fluctuated above its ideal levels because the observed current account has been better than the normative levels implied by this estimation.

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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE in its journal REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000174:010680

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Keywords: Activos Externos Netos; Norma de Cuenta Corriente; Cuenta Corriente Subyacente; Tipo de Cambio Real;

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  1. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2001. "A Panic Attack on Unit Roots and Cointegration," Economics Working Paper Archive 469, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
  2. Lane, Philip R. & Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria, 2001. "The external wealth of nations: measures of foreign assets and liabilities for industrial and developing countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 263-294, December.
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