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Part-Time Work in Chile

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  • Tomás Rau B.

Abstract

This article discusses the evolution and determinants of part-time work in Chile. It tests some hypotheses found in the international literature, to determine whether part-time work is precarious, whether hourly payment is smaller, and whether it constitutes a step toward full-time employment. Evidence is found that part-time work is mostly feminine, and can be precarious in that it can be less stable and more informal. However, hourly wage is slightly higher than in full-time jobs. This gap is examined through a decomposition of Oaxaca, which reveals that wage differences cannot be explained by observable factors. It concludes with a Markov chain analysis using the Casen surveys to determine whether part-time jobs are a transition to full-time jobs, and also steady-state part-time participation is projected, as are long-term participation and employment rates. The results show that, given the current dynamics, the relative share of part-time work over total employment will remain stable, and labor participation will attain the level of developed economies in no less than 25 years.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Central Bank of Chile in its journal Economía Chilena.

Volume (Year): 13 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Pages: 39-59

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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchec:v:13:y:2010:i:1:p:39-59

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  1. Mary Gregory & Sara Connolly, 2008. "Feature: The Price of Reconciliation: Part-Time Work, Families and Women's Satisfaction," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(526), pages F1-F7, 02.
  2. Dekker, Ronald, 2008. "Part-time work as a transitional phase? The role of preferences and institutions in Germany, Great Britain and The Netherlands," MPRA Paper 8029, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. López Bóo, Florencia & Madrigal, Lucia & Pagés, Carmen, 2009. "Part-Time Work, Gender and Job Satisfaction: Evidence from a Developing Country," IZA Discussion Papers 3994, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Alan Manning & Barbara Petrongolo, 2008. "The Part-Time Pay Penalty for Women in Britain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(526), pages F28-F51, 02.
  5. Gillian Paull, 2008. "Children and Women's Hours of Work," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(526), pages F8-F27, 02.
  6. Van de Ven, Wynand P. M. M. & Van Praag, Bernard M. S., 1981. "The demand for deductibles in private health insurance : A probit model with sample selection," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 229-252, November.
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