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Kinderrente und Vorsorgepflicht - der ifo-Vorschlag zur Lösung der demographischen Krise des Rentensystems

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  • Martin Werding

Abstract

Durch die Rentenreformen der vergangenen Jahre ist bereits einiges erreicht worden, was die Belastungen der heute noch jungen und zukünftiger Generationen verringert. Der Anstieg dieser Belastungen durch hohe Beitragssätze und hohe "implizite Steuern" des Rentensystems muss aber noch weiter begrenzt werden. Noch dringlicher ist bei den dazu erforderlichen Senkungen des Rentenniveaus jedoch eine differenzierte Behandlung Versicherter nach der Zahl ihrer Kinder. Sie muss darauf zielen, die negativen Rückwirkungen des umlagefinanzierten gesetzlichen Rentensystems in Deutschland auf die Geburtenentwicklung zu reduzieren und langfristig möglichst ganz auszuschalten. Daneben ist eine kompensierende Vorsorgepflicht für Versicherte mit geringer Kinderzahl erforderlich. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Beitrages steht die detaillierte Darstellung eines konkreten Lösungsvorschlags, der so genannten "Kinderrente", den das ifo Institut in den vergangenen Jahren entwickelt hat, um das Rentensystem sowohl während der Phase akuten demographischen Wandels bis 2035 zu stabilisieren als auch mit neuen, langfristig tragfähigen Rahmenbedingungen für seine weitere Entwicklung zu versehen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 59 (2006)
Issue (Month): 07 (04)
Pages: 44-53

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:59:y:2006:i:07:p:44-53

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Keywords: Soziale Sicherung; Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung; Familienpolitik; Kinderbetreuung; Geburtenrate; Alterssicherung; Deutschland;

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References

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  1. Bert Rürup, 2005. "Nach dem Nachhaltigkeitsgesetz und dem Alterseinkünftegesetz - Was bleibt zu tun?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(12), pages 22-28, 06.
  2. Ab O, G. & Mahieu, G. & Patxot, C., 2004. "On the optimality of PAYG pension systems in an endogenous fertility setting," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 35-62, March.
  3. Martin Werding & Herbert Hofmann, 2006. "Die fiskalische Bilanz eines Kindes im deutschen Steuer- und Sozialsystem," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 59(02), pages 28-36, 01.
  4. Groezen, B.J.A.M. van & Leers, T. & Meijdam, A.C., 2000. "Family Size, Looming Demographic Changes and the Efficiency of Social Security Reform," Discussion Paper 2000-27, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2005. "Europe's Demographic Deficit," Munich Reprints in Economics 934, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  6. Michele Boldrin & Mariacristina De Nardi & Larry E. Jones, 2005. "Fertility and Social Security," Staff Report 359, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1998. "The Pay-As You-Go Pension System as a Fertility Insurance and Enforcement Device," CEPR Discussion Papers 2023, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1998. "Social Security, the Family, and Economic Growth," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(3), pages 390-409, July.
  9. Martin Kolmar, 1997. "Intergenerational redistribution in a small open economy with endogenous fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 335-356.
  10. Robert Fenge & Martin Werding, 2004. "Ageing and the tax implied in public pension schemes: simulations for selected OECD countries," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 25(2), pages 159-200, June.
  11. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
  12. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2005. "Pensions and fertility incentives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 28-48, February.
  13. Alessandro Cigno & Annalisa Luporini & Anna Pettini, 2000. "Transfers to Families with Children as a Principal-Agent Problem," CESifo Working Paper Series 351, CESifo Group Munich.
  14. Cigno, Alessandro & Camillio Rosati, Furio, 1997. "Rise and fall of the Japanese saving rate: The role of social security and intra-family transfers," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 81-92, March.
  15. Cigno, Alessandro & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 1992. "The Effects of Financial Markets and Social Security on Saving and Fertility Behaviour in Italy," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 319-41.
  16. Kolmar, Martin, 2001. " Optimal Intergenerational Redistribution in a Two-Country Model with Endogenous Fertility," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 106(1-2), pages 23-51, January.
  17. Werding, Martin, 1998. "Zur Rekonstruktion des Generationenvertrages," Beiträge zur Finanzwissenschaft, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, edition 1, volume 3, number urn:isbn:9783161468896, July.
  18. repec:ces:ifosdt:v::y:2000:i::p:12-25 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. Martin Werding & Anita Kaltschütz, 2005. "Modellrechnungen zur langfristigen Tragfähigkeit der öffentlichen Finanzen," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 17.
  20. Robert Fenge & Martin Werding, 2003. "Ageing and Fiscal Imbalances Across Generations: Concepts of Measurement," CESifo Working Paper Series 842, CESifo Group Munich.
  21. Volker Meier & Robert Fenge, 2004. "Are Family Allowances And Fertility-Related Pensions Siamese Twins?," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2004 125, Royal Economic Society.
  22. Marcel Thum & Jakob von Weisäcker, 2000. "Implizite Einkommensteuer als Messlatte für die aktuellen Rentenreformvorschläge," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 1(4), pages 453-468, November.
  23. Hans-Werner Sinn & Martin Werding, 2000. "Rentenniveausenkung und Teilkapitaldeckung - ifo Empfehlungen zur Konsolidierung des Umlageverfahrens," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 53(18), pages 12-25, 06.
  24. repec:ces:ifosdt:v::y:2006:i::p:28-36 is not listed on IDEAS
  25. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Martin Werding, 2005. "Survivor Benefits and the Gender Tax Gap in Public Pension Schemes: Observations from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1596, CESifo Group Munich.

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