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Implizite Einkommensteuer als Messlatte für die aktuellen Rentenreformvorschläge

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  • Marcel Thum
  • Jakob von Weisäcker

Abstract

The rate of return in a PAYG pension system is typically lower than in a funded system. This lower rate of return generates a loss for the contributors which basically acts like an implicit income tax. In this paper, we argue that the implicit income tax is an excellent measure with which to evaluate the upcoming pension crisis in Germany and that it is also much better suited than other measures (such as the contribution rate, the pension level or the rate of return) to understand the impact of various reform scenarios. We also calculate the development of the implicit tax for prominent reform proposals in Germany. Copyright Verein fü Socialpolitik und Blackwell Publishers Ltd 2000

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Verein für Socialpolitik in its journal Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Volume (Year): 1 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 453-468

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Handle: RePEc:bla:perwir:v:1:y:2000:i:4:p:453-468

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References

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  1. Homburg, Stefan & Richter, Wolfram, 1990. "Eine effizienzorientierte Reform der GRV," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 183-191..
  2. Homburg, Stefan, 2014. "Old Age Pension Systems: A Theoretical Evaluation," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-524, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  3. Barro, Robert J, 1979. "On the Determination of the Public Debt," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 940-71, October.
  4. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1999. "Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung: Prognosen im Vergleich," Munich Reprints in Economics 19871, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  5. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1999. "Pension Reform and Demographic Crisis: Why a Funded System is Needed and why it is not Needed," CESifo Working Paper Series 195, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Schnabel, Reinhold, 1997. "Rates of Return of the German Pay-As-You-Go Pension System," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 98-56, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
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Cited by:
  1. Mathias Kifmann, 2001. "Langfristige Folgen einer Einbeziehung der Selbständigen in die gesetzliche Rentenversicherung," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 251, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Martin Werding, 2005. "Survivor Benefits and the Gender Tax Gap in Public Pension Schemes: Observations from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1596, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser & Martin Werding, 2002. "Second-best Properties of Implicit Social Security Taxes: Theory and Empirical Evidence," CESifo Working Paper Series 743, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Friedrich Breyer & Mathias Kifmann, 2004. "The German Retirement Benefit Formula: Drawbacks and Alternatives," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 60(1), pages 63-, April.
  5. Martin Werding, 2005. "Survivor Benefits and the Gender Tax-Gap inPublic Pension SchemesWork Incentives and Options for Reform," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 7, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  6. Kai A. Konrad & Gert Wagner, 2000. "Reform of the Public Pension System in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 200, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Hans-Werner Sinn & Silke Übelmesser, 2000. "Wann kippt Deutschland um?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 53(28-29), pages 20-25, November.
  8. Martin Werding, 2006. "Kinderrente und Vorsorgepflicht - der ifo-Vorschlag zur Lösung der demographischen Krise des Rentensystems," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 59(07), pages 44-53, 04.
  9. Dirk Schindler, 2000. "Die deutsche Einkommenssteuer als synthetisches Besteuerungssystem - Eine Fiktion?," CoFE Discussion Paper 00-38, Center of Finance and Econometrics, University of Konstanz.
  10. Markus Knell, 2005. "Demographic Fluctuations, Sustainability Factors and Integenerational Fairness – An Assessment of Austria's New Pension System," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 23–42.
  11. Cristophe Borgmann & Pascal Krimmer & Bernd Raffelhüshen, 2001. "Rentenreformen 1998-2001: Eine (vorläufige) Bestandsaufnahme," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 2(3), pages 319-334, 08.
  12. Heinrich Jess, 2004. "Selbständige in die gesetzliche Rentenversicherung? Wohlfahrtseffekte einer Ausweitung der Versicherungspflicht," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 224(3), pages 292-316, May.
  13. Silke Uebelmesser & Hans-Werner Sinn, 2001. "When will the Germans Get Trapped in their Pension System?," CESifo Working Paper Series 561, CESifo Group Munich.
  14. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2000. "Why a Funded Pension System is Useful and Why It is Not Useful," NBER Working Papers 7592, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2000. "Why a Funded Pension System is Needed and Why It is Not Needed," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 389-410, August.
  16. Martin Werding, 2007. "Versicherungsmathematisch korrekte Rentenabschläge für die gesetzliche Rentenversicherung," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(16), pages 19-32, 08.
  17. Robert Fenge & Jakob von Weizsäcker, 2008. "Public pensions and intra-EU mobility: an unfinished agenda," Working Papers 46, Bruegel.
  18. Jakob von Weizsäcker & Martin Werding, 2002. "Demographiefest: Rentenfinanzen und Lebenserwartung," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(11), pages 42-45, 06.

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