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  • Firouz Gahvari

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Abstract

In overlapping generations models with endogenous fertility wherein the retired partake of consumption but do not contribute to production (through their labor), fertility has a positive and a negative externality. These can be internalized through a child allowance (or tax) or a linkage between pension benefits and the number of children. The prescription rest crucially on the assumption that no parents are better than others in raising their children and that fertility can be perfectly controlled. When either of these two assumptions are violated, the case for such policy recommendations are greatly weakened. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal International Tax and Public Finance.

Volume (Year): 16 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 418-442

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Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:16:y:2009:i:4:p:418-442

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102915

Related research

Keywords: Pay-as-you-go; Overlapping generations; Endogenous fertility; Externality of fertility; Stochastic fertility; Moral hazard; Parents’ heterogeneity; Adverse selection; H55; J13;

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References

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  1. CREMER, Helmuth & GAHVARI, Firouz & PESTIEAU, Pierre, . "Pensions with endogenous and stochastic fertility," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1928, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Ab O, G. & Mahieu, G. & Patxot, C., 2004. "On the optimality of PAYG pension systems in an endogenous fertility setting," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 35-62, March.
  3. Andrew B. Abel, 1988. "Operative Gift and Bequest Motives," NBER Working Papers 2331, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Mikhail Golosov & Larry E Jones & Michèle Tertilt, 2003. "Effciency with Endogenous Population Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 666156000000000310, David K. Levine.
  5. Groezen, B.J.A.M. van & Leers, T. & Meijdam, A.C., 2000. "Family Size, Looming Demographic Changes and the Efficiency of Social Security Reform," Discussion Paper 2000-27, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  6. Fenge, Robert & Meier, Volker, 2005. "Pensions and Fertility Incentives," Munich Reprints in Economics 20343, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  7. Deardorff, Alan V, 1976. "The Optimum Growth Rate for Population: Comment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 17(2), pages 510-15, June.
  8. Philippe Michel & Bertrand Wigniolle, 2007. "On Efficient Child Making," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 307-326, May.
  9. Cigno, Alessandro & Luporini, Annalisa & Pettini, Anna, 2003. "Transfers to families with children as a principal-agent problem," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 1165-1177, May.
  10. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  11. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2004. "The pay-as-you-go pension system as fertility insurance and an enforcement device," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(7-8), pages 1335-1357, July.
  12. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00185259 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Partha Dasgupta, 1995. "The Population Problem: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1879-1902, December.
  14. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
  15. Martin Kolmar, 1997. "Intergenerational redistribution in a small open economy with endogenous fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 335-356.
  16. Gary S. Becker & Robert J. Barro, 1986. "A Reformulation of the Economic Theory of Fertility," NBER Working Papers 1793, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Bental, Benjamin, 1989. "The Old Age Security Hypothesis and Optimal Population Growth," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 285-301.
  18. Dasgupta, Partha S, 1969. "On the Concept of Optimum Population," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(107), pages 295-318, July.
  19. van Groezen, Bas & Leers, Theo & Meijdam, Lex, 2003. "Social security and endogenous fertility: pensions and child allowances as siamese twins," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 233-251, February.
  20. Samuelson, Paul A, 1975. "The Optimum Growth Rate for Population," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 16(3), pages 531-38, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2011. "Childbearing Age, Family Allowances and Social Security," PSE Working Papers hal-00612613, HAL.
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00612613 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. CREMER, Helmuth & GAHVARI, Firouz & PESTIEAU, Pierre, . "Fertility, human capital accumulation, and the pension system," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2366, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).

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