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Vieillissement et protection sociale. Comparaison de six pays de l'Union Européenne


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  • Élisabeth Algava
  • Mathieu Plane


The ageing of the population is a common characteristic to all countries of the European Union. Alone the extent and the calendar of this phenomenon can differ according to countries. The rise of the expectancy life and the ageing of the baby boom generation, associates to a fall of the fecundity rate since 70s, will have undeniably consequences on the dependence ratios evolution and, de facto, on the share of the GDP devoted to the financing of retirement and health expenditures. In revenge, the return to the full employment and the diminution of the number of children would have to induce a decline of unemployment and family expenditures, nevertheless insufficient to counter the increase of retirement and health benefits. The financing of the protection social system will be less difficult to manage in countries having preserved enough dynamic demographic behaviours (Sweden) than in countries where the demographic situation will be potentially explosive (Italy).

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 79 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 261-314

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_079_0261

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Cited by:
  1. P.-O. Beffy & J. Deroyon & N. Fourcade & S. Gregoir & N. Laïb & B. Monfort, 2003. "Demographic changes and economic growth: a macroeconomic projection for 2020," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2003-04, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  2. Arnaud Lechevalier, 2004. "Reform des Sozialstaats in Deutschland und Frankreich: was auf dem Spiel steht (Welfare state policies in France and Germany : what is really at stake ?)," Labor and Demography 0406002, EconWPA.
  3. Odile Chagny & Jörg Döpke, 2001. "Measures of the Output Gap in the Euro-Zone: An Empirical Assessment of Selected Methods," Kiel Working Papers 1053, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.


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