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Firms in International Trade: Importers' and Exporters' Heterogeneity in Italian Manufacturing Industry

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  • Davide Castellani
  • Francesco Serti
  • Chiara Tomasi

Abstract

Abstract Combining data on structural characteristics and economic performance for a large sample of Italian firms with data on exporting and importing activity, we uncover evidence supporting recent theories on firm heterogeneity and international trade, together with some new facts. In particular, we find that importing is associated with substantial firm heterogeneity. First, we document that trade is more concentrated than employment and sales, and show that importing is even more concentrated than exporting both within sectors and along the sector- and country-extensive margins. Second, while supporting the fact that firms involved in both are the best performers, we also find that firms involved only in importing activities perform better than those involved only in exporting. Our evidence suggests there is a strong self-selection effect in the case of importers and the performance premia of internationalised firms correlate relatively more with the degree of geographical and sectoral diversification of imports. Copyright 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal World Economy.

Volume (Year): 33 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (03)
Pages: 424-457

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Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:33:y:2010:i:3:p:424-457

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0378-5920

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Joachim Wagner, 2012. "Productivity and the extensive margins of trade in German manufacturing firms: Evidence from a non-parametric test," Working Paper Series in Economics 250, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  2. Svetlana Batrakova, 2012. "Does industry concentration matter for pollution haven effects?," Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers 90, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
  3. Smeets, Valérie & Warzynski, Frédéric, 2010. "Learning by Exporting, Importing or Both? Estimating productivity with multi-product firms, pricing heterogeneity and the role of international trade," Working Papers 10-13, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
  4. Giuliano CONTI & Alessia LO TURCO & Daniela MAGGIONI, 2012. "Rethinking the import-productivity nexus for Italian manufacturing," Working Papers 381, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  5. Smeets, Valérie & Warzynski, Frédèric, 2011. "Estimating productivity with multi-product firms, pricing heterogeneity and the role of international trade," Working Papers 11-13, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
  6. Yvonne Wolfmayr & Elisabeth Christen & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2013. "Pattern, Determinants and Dynamics of Austrian Service Exports – A Firmlevel Analysis," FIW Research Reports series IV-005, FIW.
  7. Gibson, Mark J. & Graciano, Tim A., 2012. "Trade Engagement and Producer Performance," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124833, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  8. David Aristei & Davide Castellani & Chiara Franco, 2013. "Firms’ exporting and importing activities: is there a two-way relationship?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 149(1), pages 55-84, March.
  9. Marcel van den Berg & Charles van Marrewijk, 2013. "Imports and productivity: the impact of geography and factor intensity," Working Papers 13-12, Utrecht School of Economics.
  10. Alessia Lo Turco & Daniela Maggioni, 2013. "On the Role of Imports in Enhancing Manufacturing Exports," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 93-120, 01.
  11. Maria Rosaria Ferrante & Marzia Freo, 2012. "The Total Factor Productivity Gap between Internationalised and Domestic Firms: Net Premium or Heterogeneity Effect?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(9), pages 1186-1214, 09.
  12. Alexander Vogel & Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Higher Productivity in Importing German Manufacturing Firms: Self-selection, Learning from Importing, or Both?," Working Paper Series in Economics 106, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  13. Banik, Nilanjan & Das, Khanindra Ch., 2012. "The location substitution effect: does it apply for China?," MPRA Paper 38659, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Joern Kleinert & Nico Zorell, 2012. "The export-magnification effect of offshoring," Graz Economics Papers 2012-09, University of Graz, Department of Economics.
  15. Damijan, Jože & Haller, Stefanie A. & Kaitila, Ville & Maliranta, Mika & Milet, Emmanuel & Rojec, Matija & Mirza, Daniel, 2012. "The performance of trading firms in the services sectors – Comparable evidence from four EU countries," Discussion Papers 1284, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  16. Kaleb Girma Abreha & Valérie Smeets & Frédéric Warzynski, 2013. "Coping with the Crisis: Recent Evolution in Danish Firms' International Trade Involvement, 2000-2010," Economics Working Papers 2013-15, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.

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