Nonparametric kernel estimation of evolutionary autoregressive processes
This paper develops a new econometric tool for evolutionary autoregressive models where the AR coefficients change smoothly over time. To estimate the unknown functional form of time-varying coefficients, we propose a mdified local linear smoother. The asymptotic normality and variance of the new estimator are derived by extending Phillips and Solo device to the case of evolutionary linear processes. As an application for statistical inference, we show how Wald tests for stationarity and misspecification could be formulated based on finite-dimensional distributions of the kernel estimates. We also examine the finite sample performance of the method via numerical simulations. As an empirical illustration, the method is applied to the real data of US stock returns.
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