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Italy's ACE tax and its effect on a firm's leverage


  • Panteghini, Paolo
  • Parisi, Maria Laura
  • Pighetti, Francesca


This article describes the new ACE-type system implemented in Italy since 2012. The authors first show that this system reduces but does not eliminate the financial distortion due to interest deductibility. Using a dataset of Italian companies, the authors analyze the impact of this relief on Italian firm capital structure. Despite the permanence of a tax advantage and its gradual implementation, the ACE relief is estimated to reduce significantly leverage. By decreasing default risk it is also expected to reduce systemic risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Panteghini, Paolo & Parisi, Maria Laura & Pighetti, Francesca, 2012. "Italy's ACE tax and its effect on a firm's leverage," Economics Discussion Papers 2012-31, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwedp:201231

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Jordi Galí, 2008. "Introduction to Monetary Policy, Inflation, and the Business Cycle: An Introduction to the New Keynesian Framework," Introductory Chapters,in: Monetary Policy, Inflation, and the Business Cycle: An Introduction to the New Keynesian Framework Princeton University Press.
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    6. Michele Lenza & Huw Pill & Lucrezia Reichlin, 2010. "Monetary policy in exceptional times," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 25, pages 295-339, April.
    7. Willem H. Buiter, 2003. "Helicopter Money: Irredeemable Fiat Money and the Liquidity Trap," NBER Working Papers 10163, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Gerald Nickelsburg, 1984. "Dynamic Exchange Rate Equilibria with Uncertain Government Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 509-519.
    9. Buiter, Willem H, 1988. "Death, Birth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 279-293, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:480-495 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bräutigam, Rainer & Spengel, Christoph & Stutzenberger, Kathrin, 2017. "The development of corporate tax structures in the European Union from 1998 to 2015 - Qualitative and quantitative analysis," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-034, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Ruf Martin & Schindler Dirk, 2015. "Debt Shifting and Thin-Capitalization Rules – German Experience and Alternative Approaches," Nordic Tax Journal, De Gruyter Open, vol. 2015(1), pages 17-33, September.
    4. Petutschnig, Matthias & Rünger, Silke, 2017. "The effects of a tax allowance for growth and investment: Empirical evidence from a firm-level analysis," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 221, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.

    More about this item


    ACE; business taxation; leverage;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm

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