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Risikofaktoren und Multifaktormodelle für den Deutschen Aktienmarkt (Risk Factors and Multi-Factor Models for the German Stock Market)

  • Hanauer, Matthias
  • Kaserer, Christoph
  • Rapp, Marc Steffen

Der deutsche Aktienmarkt sah sich in den letzten 15 Jahren substantiellen Veränderungen gegenüber, welche unter anderem in eine zunehmende Internationalisierung und deutlich erhöhten Streubesitz mündeten. In der vorliegenden Arbeit untersuchen wir, inwieweit dies die aus klassischen Multifaktormodellen bekannten Risikofaktoren beeinflusste. Basierend auf den Renditen derCDAX-Unternehmen von Juli 1996 bis Juni 2011 dokumentieren wir vier wesentliche Ergebnisse. Erstens finden wir eine insignifikant (positive) Marktrisikoprämie, eine signifikant negative Größenprämie (Size Premium), eine signifikant positive Substanzprämie (Value Premium) und eine signifikant positive Momentumprämie (Momentum Premium). Zweitens zeigen sich alle vier Faktoren untereinander nur schwach bzw. negativ korreliert und teilweise mit internationalen Gegenstücken nur schwach korreliert. Drittens zeigt sich, dass Renditen von Aktienportfolios, sortiert nach Marktkapitalisierung und Buch-Marktwert-Verhältnis, durch ein Dreifaktorenmodell nach Fama French (1993) substantiell besser erklärt werden, als durch ein Einfaktormodell in Anlehnung an das klassische Capital Asset Pricing Model. Der zusätzliche Erklärungsbeitrag des Momentumfaktors in Anlehnung an Carhart (1997) ist hingegen marginal. Letztendlich argumentieren wir daher vor dem Hintergrund der bekannten Literatur und unserer Ergebnisse für eine länderspezifische Erweiterung des Capital Asset Pricing Models.

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Paper provided by Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS), Technische Universität München in its series CEFS Working Paper Series with number 2011-01.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:cefswp:20111
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  1. van Dijk, Mathijs A., 2011. "Is size dead? A review of the size effect in equity returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3263-3274.
  2. Peter S. Schmidt & Andreas Schrimpf & Urs von Arx & Alexander F. Wagner & Andreas Ziegler, 2011. "On the Construction of Common Size, Value and Momentum Factors in International Stock Markets: A Guide with Applications," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 11/141, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  3. Ross, Stephen A., 1976. "The arbitrage theory of capital asset pricing," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 341-360, December.
  4. Manuel Ammann & Michael Steiner, 2008. "Risk Factors for the Swiss Stock Market," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 144(I), pages 1-35, March.
  5. K. Geert Rouwenhorst, 1998. "International Momentum Strategies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(1), pages 267-284, 02.
  6. Andreas Schrimpf & Michael Schröder & Richard Stehle, 2007. "Cross-sectional Tests of Conditional Asset Pricing Models: Evidence from the German Stock Market," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 13(5), pages 880-907.
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