Comparative Statics with Never Increasing Correspondences
This paper studies models where the correspondences (or functions) under consideration are never increasing (or weakly decreasing) in endogenous variables, and weakly increasing in exogenous parameters. Such models include games of strategic substitutes, and include cases where additionally, some variables may be strategic complements. It is shown that the equilibrium set in such models is a non-empty, complete lattice, if, and only if, there is a unique equilibrium. For a given parameter value, a pair of distinct equilibria are never comparable. Moreover, generalizing an existing result, it is shown that when a parameter increases, no new equilibrium is smaller than any old equilibrium. (In particular, in n-player games with real-valued action spaces, symmetric equilibria increase with the parameter.) Furthermore, when functions under consideration are weakly decreasing in endogenous variables, a sufficient condition is presented that guarantees existence of increasing equilibria (symmetric or asymmetric) at a new parameter value. This condition is applied to two classes of examples.
|Date of creation:||04 May 2005|
|Date of revision:||21 Oct 2005|
|Note:||Type of Document - pdf; pages: 25|
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