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Comparative Statics with Never Increasing Correspondences

Listed author(s):
  • Sunanda Roy

    (Drake University)

  • Tarun Sabarwal

    (University of Texas at Austin)

This paper studies models where the correspondences (or functions) under consideration are never increasing (or weakly decreasing) in endogenous variables, and weakly increasing in exogenous parameters. Such models include games of strategic substitutes, and include cases where additionally, some variables may be strategic complements. It is shown that the equilibrium set in such models is a non-empty, complete lattice, if, and only if, there is a unique equilibrium. For a given parameter value, a pair of distinct equilibria are never comparable. Moreover, generalizing an existing result, it is shown that when a parameter increases, no new equilibrium is smaller than any old equilibrium. (In particular, in n-player games with real-valued action spaces, symmetric equilibria increase with the parameter.) Furthermore, when functions under consideration are weakly decreasing in endogenous variables, a sufficient condition is presented that guarantees existence of increasing equilibria (symmetric or asymmetric) at a new parameter value. This condition is applied to two classes of examples.

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File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/game/papers/0505/0505001.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Game Theory and Information with number 0505001.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 04 May 2005
Date of revision: 21 Oct 2005
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpga:0505001
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 25
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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  1. William Novshek, 1985. "On the Existence of Cournot Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(1), pages 85-98.
  2. Federico Echenique, 2002. "Comparative Statics by Adaptive Dynamics and the Correspondence Principle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(2), pages 833-844, March.
  3. Rabah Amir & Val E. Lambson, 2000. "On the Effects of Entry in Cournot Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(2), pages 235-254.
  4. Zhou Lin, 1994. "The Set of Nash Equilibria of a Supermodular Game Is a Complete Lattice," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 295-300, September.
  5. Echenique, Federico & Sabarwal, Tarun, 2003. "Strong comparative statics of equilibria," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 307-314, February.
  6. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
  7. Milgrom, Paul & Shannon, Chris, 1994. "Monotone Comparative Statics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(1), pages 157-180, January.
  8. Villas-Boas, J. Miguel, 1997. "Comparative Statics of Fixed Points," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 183-198, March.
  9. Lippman, Steven A. & Mamer, John W. & McCardle, Kevin F., 1987. "Comparative statics in non-cooperative games via transfinitely iterated play," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 288-303, April.
  10. Bamon, Rodrigo & Fraysse, Jean, 1985. "Existence of Cournot Equilibrium in Large Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(3), pages 587-597, May.
  11. Vives, Xavier, 1990. "Nash equilibrium with strategic complementarities," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 305-321.
  12. Amir, Rabah, 1996. "Cournot Oligopoly and the Theory of Supermodular Games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 132-148, August.
  13. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1990. "Rationalizability, Learning, and Equilibrium in Games with Strategic Complementarities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(6), pages 1255-1277, November.
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