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The Political Robustness In Indonesia


  • Hokky Situngkir

    (Bandung Fe Institute)


The result of Indonesian legislative election 2004 is analyzed with certain comparative with the previous one (1999). This analysis is constructed by using the graph theoretical analysis by finding the Euclidean distances among political parties. The distances are then treated in ultrametric spaces by using the minimum spanning tree algorithm. By having the Indonesian hierarchical taxonomy model of political parties we show some patterns emerging the pattern agrees with the classical anthropological analysis of socio-political system in Indonesia. This fact accentuates a character of robustness in Indonesian political society as a self-organized system evolves to critical state. Some small perturbations i.e.: different voting process resulting the same pattern and occasions statistically, emerges from the social structure based upon political streams: Islamic, secular, traditional, and some complements of all.

Suggested Citation

  • Hokky Situngkir, 2004. "The Political Robustness In Indonesia," Development and Comp Systems 0405007, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0405007
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 15

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    Cited by:

    1. Deni Khanafiah & Hokky Situngkir, 2004. "Innovation as Evolution," Industrial Organization 0412009, EconWPA.

    More about this item


    indonesia; election; robustness; democracy; political streams; ultrametric distance; portfolio.;

    JEL classification:

    • O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
    • P - Economic Systems

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    This item is featured on the following reading lists or Wikipedia pages:
    1. Indonesian legislative election, 2004 in Wikipedia English ne '')
    2. 2004年印尼立法機構選舉 in Wikipedia Chinese ne '')


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