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Evolution of Mixed Maturation Strategies in Semelparous Life-histories: the Crucial Role of Dimensionality of Feedback Environment


  • M. Heino
  • J.A.J. Metz
  • V. Kaitala


We study the evolution of age-at-maturity in a semelparous life history with two age-classes. An individual may breed in the first year of its life and die, or delay breeding to the second year. In this setting a mixed strategy means that a fraction of the individual's offspring breed in the first possible breeding event, while the remaining fraction delay breeding. Current theory seems to imply that mixed strategies are not evolutionarily stable strategies (ESS) under a steady state population dynamical regime. We show that a two-dimensional feedback environment may allow the evolution of mixed age-at-maturity. Furthermore, different phenotypes need to perceive the environment differently. The biological reasoning behind these conditions is different resource usage or predation pressure between two age-classes. Thus, the conventional explanations for the occurrence of mixed strategies in natural populations, environmental stochasticity or complex dynamics, are not needed.

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  • M. Heino & J.A.J. Metz & V. Kaitala, 1996. "Evolution of Mixed Maturation Strategies in Semelparous Life-histories: the Crucial Role of Dimensionality of Feedback Environment," Working Papers wp96126, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:wp96126

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