IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

An Assessment of the Access by Romanian SMEs to Structural Funds


  • Gabor Hunya

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)


Romanian SMEs can directly benefit from the Sectoral Operational Programme ‘Increase of Economic Competitiveness’ (SOP IEC) and some parts of the Regional Operational Programme (ROP) in the period 2007 2013. Research commissioned by the Directorate General for Regional Policy of the European Commission made a strategic evaluation of SMEs’ experience with these support programmes and their needs for support in general. This paper is the summary of the final report of the project carried out in the first half of 2010. In the context of the research underlying this paper, a standardized survey was implemented as an instrument for collecting primary data on the situation, the demands of and the development barriers to Romanian SMEs. The results of the survey were verified in standardized interviews and focus groups with consultants and SME administrators. The results reflect first-hand information on the problems of SMEs with the implementation of EU funds. The main findings of the project reveal that Romanian SMEs are at a rudimentary stage of skills, organization and market knowledge if compared with similar economic units in more advanced EU member states. Their development aims are rather short-term and not very complex. They lack the knowledge, expertise and staff to participate in complex tenders and in application processes. Learning by doing is, however, increasing their capacity to access external, including EU, funding. Gaps were identified between the development needs of SMEs and the design of the support programmes. The needs of SMEs to increase their competitiveness cover a whole range of areas with very diverse objectives. Weighing the identified needs of SMEs against the key areas of intervention and indicative operations of the EU support programmes, one can conclude that most needs of SMEs are covered by the two current operational programmes in one way or the other. However, the way the support package was designed and structured is deficient in supporting the development of SMEs. SMEs need more simple and transparent mechanisms which they can understand and cope with. In addition, they need the support of competent consultants.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabor Hunya, 2011. "An Assessment of the Access by Romanian SMEs to Structural Funds," wiiw Research Reports 368, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:rpaper:rr:368

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Gabor Hunya, 2014. "Regional Policy and FDI Location – an Overview of the Larger New EU Member States," wiiw Research Reports 393, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

    More about this item


    SMEs; EU support programmes; Romania;

    JEL classification:

    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wii:rpaper:rr:368. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Customer service). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.