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Automotive air pollution : issues and options for developing countries


  • Faiz, Asif
  • Sinha, Kumares
  • Walsh, Michael
  • Varma, Amiy


Air pollution constitutes an ominous threat to human health and welfare. Its adverse effects are pervasive and may be disaggregated at three levels: (a) local, confined to urban and industrial centers; (b) regional, pertaining to transboundary transport of pollutants; and (c) global, related to build up of greenhouse gases. These effects have been observed globally but the characteristics and scale of the air pollution problem in developing countries are not known; nor has the problem been researched and evaluated to the same extent as in industrialized countries. Air pollution, however, can no longer be regarded as a local or a regional issue as it has global repercussions in terms of the greenhouse effect and depletion of the ozone layer. This paper discusses the contribution of motorized land transport to air pollution problems, with special reference to developing countries. It assesses the adverse effects of air pollution from transport sources, primarily motor vehicles, and reviews possible approaches to bring about improvements. The paper identifies key issues and research needs related to land transport and air pollution in developing countries

Suggested Citation

  • Faiz, Asif & Sinha, Kumares & Walsh, Michael & Varma, Amiy, 1990. "Automotive air pollution : issues and options for developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 492, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:492

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    Cited by:

    1. Eskeland, Gunnar S. & Feyzioglu, Tarhan N., 1997. "Is demand for polluting goods manageable? An econometric study of car ownership and use in Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 423-445, August.
    2. Timilsina, Govinda R. & Dulal, Hari B., 2008. "Fiscal policy instruments for reducing congestion and atmospheric emissions in the transport sector : a review," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4652, The World Bank.
    3. Levinson, Arik & Shetty, Sudhir, 1992. "Los Angeles, Mexico City, Cubatao, and Ankara - Efficient environmental regulation : case studies of urban air pollution," Policy Research Working Paper Series 942, The World Bank.
    4. Mofijur, M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Ashrafur Rahman, S.M. & Mahmudul, H.M., 2015. "Energy scenario and biofuel policies and targets in ASEAN countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 51-61.
    5. Imtenan, S. & Ashrafur Rahman, S.M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Varman, M. & Kalam, M.A., 2015. "Effect of dynamic injection pressure on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a compression ignition engine," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1205-1211.
    6. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:620-647 is not listed on IDEAS


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