Multidimensional poverty analysis in Polish gminas
In this paper we present the results of multidimensional poverty analysis in five Polish gminas: Zgierz, Gliwice, Gostyń, Małogoszcz and Manowo. Income and educational attainment are two dimensions of well-being we consider. The analysis is based on the concept of stochastic dominance known in the literature on decision making under uncertainty. In two out of ten cases bidimensional comparisons help to remove inconclusiveness that arises with unidimensional comparisons. Moreover, bidimensional approach indicates that Gostyń dominates other communities in terms of well-being (lack of poverty), which would be impossible to be revealed by unidimensional analysis only. This is due to low correlation of income and years of education. Association between variables is a distinctive feature of multidimensional analysis as opposed to comparing marginal distributions only (dimension by dimension separately). It means that it is less possible in Gostyń than in other gminas to be deprived in both dimensions. We also find a pattern that already emerged in other multidimensional results (Duclos, Sahn and Younger, 2006): multidimensional poverty can be greater in cities (Gliwice) than in areas that are at least partially rural (Gostyń).
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