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Multidimensional poverty analysis in Polish gminas

  • Marta Anacka

    ()

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Martyna Kobus

    ()

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

In this paper we present the results of multidimensional poverty analysis in five Polish gminas: Zgierz, Gliwice, Gostyń, Małogoszcz and Manowo. Income and educational attainment are two dimensions of well-being we consider. The analysis is based on the concept of stochastic dominance known in the literature on decision making under uncertainty. In two out of ten cases bidimensional comparisons help to remove inconclusiveness that arises with unidimensional comparisons. Moreover, bidimensional approach indicates that Gostyń dominates other communities in terms of well-being (lack of poverty), which would be impossible to be revealed by unidimensional analysis only. This is due to low correlation of income and years of education. Association between variables is a distinctive feature of multidimensional analysis as opposed to comparing marginal distributions only (dimension by dimension separately). It means that it is less possible in Gostyń than in other gminas to be deprived in both dimensions. We also find a pattern that already emerged in other multidimensional results (Duclos, Sahn and Younger, 2006): multidimensional poverty can be greater in cities (Gliwice) than in areas that are at least partially rural (Gostyń).

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File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP63.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Paper provided by Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw in its series Working Papers with number 2011-23.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2011-23
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  1. Russell Davidson & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2000. "Statistical Inference for Stochastic Dominance and for the Measurement of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1435-1464, November.
  2. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, H.S., 1996. "Child Labour or School Attendance? Evidence from Zambia," Papers 96-14, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
  3. Atkinson, Anthony B & Bourguignon, Francois, 1982. "The Comparison of Multi-Dimensioned Distributions of Economic Status," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 183-201, April.
  4. Jörg-Peter Schräpler, 2006. "Explaining Income Nonresponse – A Case Study by means of the British Household Panel Study (BHPS)," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 40(6), pages 1013-1036, December.
  5. Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos, 2010. "Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp038, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
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