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Grundzüge der Evolutionsökonomie - Analytik, Ontologie und theoretische Schlüsselkonzepte

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  • Kurt Dopfer

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Abstract

Die Arbeit gibt einen Überblick über die Analytik, Ontologie und die theoretischen Schlüsselkonzepte der Evolutionsökonomie. Zentraler Erkenntnisgegenstand der Evolutionsökonomie ist das Wachstum und die Koordination ökonomisch relevanten Wissens. Im Rahmen des dargestellten einheitlichen Regelansatzes wird Wissen definiert als eine Regel, die ihren Trägern (Subjekte, Objekte) spezifische ökonomische Operationen ermöglicht. Es wird unterschieden zwischen einer generischen Ebene, auf der Regeln geschaffen, adoptiert und für Operationen bewahrt (Prozess) und auf der Regeln koordiniert werden (Struktur) und einer operativen Ebene, auf der die laufenden Operationen und Ressourcenbewegungen bei gegebenen Regeln stattfinden. Die Evolutionsökonomie analysiert Problemstellungen der generischen Ebene und ergänzt somit die Analyse des neoklassischen Mainstreams, der auf die Analyse der operativen Ebene zielt. Die zentrale analytische Einheit, die sowohl Komponente für die Darstellung von Struktur (Strukturkomponente), als auch Komponente für die von Prozessen (Prozesskomponente) ist, konstituiert sich als eine Regel (z. B. Technologie) und ihren physischen Raum-Zeit- Aktualisierungen durch eine Population von Trägern (relative Adoptionshäufigkeit). Die analytische Einheit nimmt im Rahmen der herkömmlichen Unterscheidung zwischen Mikro und Makro eine intermediäre Position ein: sie ist Meso. Die endogene Erklärung von Struktur und Prozess verläuft daher parallel mit einer Rekonstruktion der Ökonomie im Sinne einer Mikro-Meso-Makro Architektur. Die Arbeit diskutiert den Homo Sapiens Oeconomicus (Mikro), die Regeldynamik entlang eines logistischen Drei-Phasen-Trajektors (Meso) und schliesst mit wirtschaftspolitischen Anwendungen des generischen Regelansatzes (Makro).

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt Dopfer, 2007. "Grundzüge der Evolutionsökonomie - Analytik, Ontologie und theoretische Schlüsselkonzepte," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2007 2007-10, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
  • Handle: RePEc:usg:dp2007:2007-10
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Evolution; Evolutionary Economics; Ontology; Unified Rule Approach; Micro-Meso-Macro; Economic Structure and Process; Technology and Institutions; Economic Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • B12 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Classical (includes Adam Smith)
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • B53 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Austrian
    • E11 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Marxian; Sraffian; Kaleckian
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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