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A map of the fractal structure of high-tech dynamics across EU regions

Author

Listed:
  • Wirkierman, Ariel L.

    (Institute of Management Studies(IMS), Goldsmiths, University of London)

  • Ciarli, Tommaso

    (UNU-MERIT, and Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex)

  • Savonna, Maria

    (Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex, and Department of Economics and Finance, Luiss University)

Abstract

The paper provides a novel, theoretically driven map of EU regional asymmetries, based on the shares and dynamics of high-tech employment and wages, as well as the structure of inter-regional Input-Output relations at the EU NUTS-1 regional level. We use data from EUROSTAT and the EU-REGIO database to perform a trade-aware shift-share analysis coupled with a hierarchical clustering. We show that EU regions present a fractal structure of asymmetries, i.e. the emergence of core-periphery relations at progressively smaller scales, in relation to both spatial and trade dimensions. We identify regional clusters labelled 'consolidated core', 'declining core', 'emerging cities', 'declining peripheries' and 'CEE factories', and we show that there is a polarising dynamics between driving and follower clusters, drawing implications for EU cohesion policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Wirkierman, Ariel L. & Ciarli, Tommaso & Savonna, Maria, 2021. "A map of the fractal structure of high-tech dynamics across EU regions," MERIT Working Papers 2021-023, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2021023
    as

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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2021/wp2021-023.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional high-tech employment; Regional wage rate differentials; Cluster Analysis; European cohesion policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis

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