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Transnationalism and integration: Complements or Substitutes?

Author

Listed:
  • Dekker, Bram

    () (UNU-MERIT)

  • Siegel, Melissa

    () (UNU-MERIT)

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between transnational practices and integration by testing whether they are substitutes or complements. For this purpose, we use a multidimensional transnationalism index. The index includes three dimensions of transnational practices, including migrants' economic, political, and socio-cultural transnational practices. These three dimensions and their aggregated index are then compared to both structural and socio-cultural integration. The analysis is based on data from 815 migrant households in the Netherlands, gathered among first generation migrants from Morocco, Burundi, Ethiopia and Afghanistan. Our results show that both structural and socio-cultural integration provides tentative support for the complementary typology. Lack of resources is significantly associated with transnationalism, but does not act as a moderator of the integration-transnationalism relationship. Among the four migrant groups studied in this paper, being multi-dimensionally transnational is associated with better structural and socio-cultural integration showing a complementary relationship. Implications for policy are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Dekker, Bram & Siegel, Melissa, 2013. "Transnationalism and integration: Complements or Substitutes?," MERIT Working Papers 071, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2013071
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2013/wp2013-071.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bilgili, Ö. & Siegel, M., 2014. "To return permanently or to return temporarily?: Explaining migrants' intentions," MERIT Working Papers 041, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. de Haas, Hein, 2009. "Mobility and Human Development," MPRA Paper 19176, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bilgili, Ö., 2013. "The links between economic integration and remittances behaviour of migrants in the Netherlands," MERIT Working Papers 037, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    4. Hein de Haas, 2009. "Mobility and Human Development," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-01, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Apr 2009.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    migration; transnational migrants; integration; the Netherlands; transnational practices;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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