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Equité du plaider coupable : une analyse économétrique dans trois tribunaux de grande instance français

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  • ANCELOT Lydie

Abstract

La procédure française de plaider coupable suscite, depuis sa mise en place, de nombreux débats au coeur desquels apparaissent la liberté accordée aux magistrats dans leur prononcé de peines et la divergence de peines selon le niveau de ressources du prévenu et de surcroît selon le type de l’avocat (commis d’office ou non). Ce papier empirique apporte non seulement un éclairage sur ces débats mais également une nouvelle contribution à l’analyse économique du plaider coupable. Les résultats auxquels nous aboutissons s’avèrent particulièrement utiles au moment où la France réfléchit à l’extension du plaider coupable à l’ensemble des délits (Guinchard [2008]) mais également aux crimes (Léger [2009]). Nous testons les effets de critères, considérés comme relevant de l’équité horizontale et verticale de la justice, sur la peine infligée à l’encontre des prévenus. Nous montrons que le tribunal devant lequel comparaît le prévenu exerce un rôle fondamental sur la sanction infligée. Inversement, dans l’échantillon analysé, rien ne nous permet de mettre en évidence des divergences de peines selon que le prévenu est représenté (ou non) par un avocat commis d’office, ni selon son niveau de ressources. Cette étude nous permet également de comprendre les facteurs explicatifs de la condamnation à une peine privative de liberté dans l’échantillon analysé.

Suggested Citation

  • ANCELOT Lydie, 2010. "Equité du plaider coupable : une analyse économétrique dans trois tribunaux de grande instance français," Working Papers of BETA 2010-09, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2010-09
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    File URL: http://www.beta-umr7522.fr/productions/publications/2010/2010-09.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Philippe Delacote & Lydie Ancelot, 2009. "Prosecutor and lawyers in plea bargaining with complete information," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 1925-1932.
    2. Stephen, Frank H. & Fazio, Giorgio & Tata, Cyrus, 2008. "Incentives, criminal defence lawyers and plea bargaining," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 212-219, September.
    3. Jennifer Reinganum, 2000. "Sentencing Guidelines, Judicial Discretion, and Plea Bargaining," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 31(1), pages 62-81, Spring.
    4. William M. Landes, 1974. "An Economic Analysis of the Courts," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 164-214, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David Bjerk, 2007. "Guilt Shall Not Escape or Innocence Suffer? The Limits of Plea Bargaining When Defendant Guilt is Uncertain," American Law and Economics Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(2), pages 305-329.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    économie de la justice; plaider coupable; équité.;

    JEL classification:

    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics

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