The Sustainable Debts of Philip II: A Reconstruction of Castile's Fiscal Position, 1566-1596
The defaults of Philip II have attained mythical status as the origin of sovereign debt crises. We reassess the fiscal position of Habsburg Castile, deriving comprehensive estimates of revenue, debt, and expenditure from new archival data. The kingâ€™s debts were sustainable. Primary surpluses were large and rising. Debt/revenue ratios were broadly unchanged across Philipâ€™s reign. Castilian finances in the sixteenth century compare favorably with those of other early modern fiscal states at the height of their imperial ambitions, including Britain. The defaults of Philip II therefore reflected short-term liquidity crises, and were not a sign of unsustainable debts.
|Date of creation:||06 Nov 2007|
|Date of revision:||08 Apr 2010|
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