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Los distritos industriales en la Europa Mediterránea: los mapas de Italia y España

Listed author(s):
  • Rafael Boix


    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

El presente trabajo ofrece una comparación de los mapas de distritos industriales marshallianos de España e Italia, elaborados a partir de la metodología Sforzi - ISTAT (2006). Como principales similitudes se destaca que los distritos industriales son una realidad generalizada en ambos países y su importancia relativa es equivalente, se especializan principalmente en industria ligera y mecánica, y muestran una elevada concentración territorial. Como principales diferencias se destaca la mayor especialización relativa de los distritos industriales de España en productos para la casa e industria alimentaria, mientras que en Italia es superior la especialización relativa en industria mecánica, y en textil y confección; la menor dimensión de los distritos industriales españoles respecto de los italianos; y que los distritos industriales españoles tienen una dinámica positiva y superior a la del resto del país, mientras en Italia su dinámica negativa contrasta con la del resto de la economía.

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Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0804.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2008
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0804
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