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Une mesure expérimentale de la discrimination homme-femme à l’embauche

Author

Listed:
  • David Masclet

    (University of Rennes1 - CREM UMR CNRS 6211, France and CIRANO, Montréal, Canada)

  • Emmanuel Peterle

    (University of Rennes 1 - CREM UMR CNRS 6211, France)

  • Sophie Larribeau

    (University of Rennes 1 - CREM UMR CNRS 6211, France)

Abstract

Le marché du travail offre de nombreux exemples de discrimination, tant au niveau des salaires que dans les recrutements. Cet article a pour objectif de contribuer à la littérature en mettant en évidence l’existence de pratiques discriminatoires à l’embauche dans le cadre d’une expérience en laboratoire en effort réel. Dans cette expérience, l’employeur (le principal) doit recruter un employé (l’agent) afin de réaliser un effort de production. Le principal résultat de cette étude est qu’en l’absence d’une information pertinente sur la productivité des agents, le principal fonde sa décision d’embauche sur des signaux tels que le sexe ou le niveau de diplôme de l’agent. Ces résultats traduisent l’existence d’une discrimination à l’embauche à l’égard des femmes. De plus, cette discrimination n’a pas pour origine un favoritisme intra-groupe et serait potentiellement de nature statistique. Nous montrons à travers cette expérience l’intérêt de l’usage des expérimentations en laboratoire comme outils pertinents afin de tester les mécanismes amenant à la discrimination et l'efficacité des actions visant à sa disparition.

Suggested Citation

  • David Masclet & Emmanuel Peterle & Sophie Larribeau, 2012. "Une mesure expérimentale de la discrimination homme-femme à l’embauche," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201237, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  • Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201237
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    Keywords

    expérience en effort réel ; discrimination ; genre ; performancee;

    JEL classification:

    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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