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Utilising agricultural tariff rate quotas as a development instrument


  • Alan Matthews
  • Cathie Laroche-Dupraz


Tariff rate quotas (TRQs) were introduced as a new market access instrument in the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture. The purpose of this paper is to examine the case for using this instrument to target improved market access for developing country agricultural exports, using the EU as a case study. The paper first identifies how TRQs relate to the EU's hierarchy of agricultural trade preferences under various preferential access arrangements. It then examines the extent to which developing countries have been able to make use of existing TRQ access to the EU market. Developing countries wanting improved market access for their agricultural exports have the choice of negotiating lower MFN tariffs, entering free trade agreements or regional integration schemes, seeking improved preferential access under Generalised System of Preferences schemes, or pressing for the introduction of preferential TRQs under the GATT's special and differential treatment provisions. The final section of the paper discusses the merits and drawbacks of each of these strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Alan Matthews & Cathie Laroche-Dupraz, 2001. "Utilising agricultural tariff rate quotas as a development instrument," CEG Working Papers 200112, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcdceg:200112

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    Cited by:

    1. Alan Matthews & Cathie Laroche-Dupraz, 2005. "Approche graphique du fonctionnement des contingents tarifaires : effets sur laccès au marché dimportation et le bien-être économique des exportateurs," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 169(3), pages 227-238.

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    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade


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