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Alternative Tools to Manage Capital Flow Volatility

Author

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  • Koray Alper
  • Hakan Kara
  • Mehmet Yorukoglu

Abstract

Heightened volatility in cross-border capital flows has increased exchange rate volatility across emerging markets as well as in advanced economies, setting the stage for more active management of currencies. Traditionally, foreign exchange rate intervention has been the primary tool to address these types of challenges. However, given the limitations of foreign exchange rate intervention, it may be well worthwhile to explore alternative mechanisms for dealing with capital flow volatility. This paper explains how the new policy framework adopted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) in the past two years has eased the need to conduct FX interventions. We first describe the rationale for the new policy framework, which is an augmented version of inflation targeting, with more emphasis on macro financial risks. Next, we explain the new instruments developed by the CBRT and their contribution to coping with capital flow volatility. In particular, we focus on the Reserve Option Mechanism, which is designed as a shock absorber for volatile capital flows, and thus reduces the need for FX intervention. We demonstrate that, since the adoption of new policy tools, the volatility of the Turkish lira has been remarkably low in comparison with the currencies of peer economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Koray Alper & Hakan Kara & Mehmet Yorukoglu, 2013. "Alternative Tools to Manage Capital Flow Volatility," Working Papers 1331, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1331
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Koray Alper & Hakan Kara & Mehmet Yorukoglu, 2013. "Reserve Options Mechanism," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 13(1), pages 1-14.
    2. Yasin Akcelik & Ergun Ermisoglu & Arif Oduncu & Temel Taskin, 2012. "Ek Parasal Sikilastirma’nin Doviz Kurlari Uzerindeki Etkisi," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1230, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hakan Kara, 2016. "A brief assessment of Turkey's macroprudential policy approach : 2011–2015," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 16(3), pages 85-92.
    2. Ergun Ermisoglu & Yasin Akcelik & Arif Oduncu & Temel Taskin, 2014. "Effects of additional monetary tightening on exchange rates," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 4(1), pages 71-79, June.
    3. Değerli, Ahmet & Fendoğlu, Salih, 2015. "Reserve option mechanism as a stabilizing policy tool: Evidence from exchange rate expectations," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 166-179.
    4. Varlik Serdar & Berument M. Hakan, 2016. "Credit channel and capital flows: a macroprudential policy tool? Evidence from Turkey," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 145-170, January.
    5. Elod Takáts & Abraham Vela, 2014. "International monetary policy transmission," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The transmission of unconventional monetary policy to the emerging markets, volume 78, pages 25-44, Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Fatih Özatay, 2016. "Turkey’s Distressing Dance With Capital Flows," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(2), pages 336-350, February.
    7. Dietrich Domanski & Emanuel Kohlscheen & Ramon Moreno, 2016. "Foreign exchange market intervention in EMEs: what has changed?," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
    8. Popoyan, Lilit & Napoletano, Mauro & Roventini, Andrea, 2020. "Winter is possibly not coming: Mitigating financial instability in an agent-based model with interbank market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 117(C).
    9. Ahmet Aysan & Salih Fendoglu & Mustafa Kilinc, 2014. "Managing short-term capital flows in new central banking: unconventional monetary policy framework in Turkey," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 4(1), pages 45-69, June.
    10. Ahmet Benlialper & Hasan Comert, 2015. "Global Constraints on Central Banking:The case of Turkey," Working papers wpaper111, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    11. repec:spr:pharme:v:4:y:2014:i:1:p:45-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:spr:pharme:v:4:y:2014:i:1:p:71-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Cüneyt Akar & Serkan Çiçek, 2016. "“New” monetary policy instruments and exchange rate volatility," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 141-165, February.
    14. Hakan Kara, 2016. "Turkey's experience with macroprudential policy," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy, volume 86, pages 123-139, Bank for International Settlements.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Capital flows; Exchange rate interventions; Financial stability;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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