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Behavioural Economics and Taxation


  • Till Olaf Weber

    (The University of Nottingham)

  • Jonas Fooken

    (Joint Research Centre)

  • Benedikt Herrmann

    (Joint Research Centre)


Most traditional tax policies have been based on classical economic models of tax payers as decision makers.As in many fields where humans make decision, however, more integrated behavioural economic models, that is, models that take into account both psychological and purely economic factors can provide further insights.Therefore, a large literature in the field on the behavioural economics of taxation exists. This report summarizes central parts of this literature, reviewing mainly experimental and observational studies in the academic literature to be informative for policy-makers. It also provides a potential agenda for future research and application of behavioural economic policies with regard to tax compliance.

Suggested Citation

  • Till Olaf Weber & Jonas Fooken & Benedikt Herrmann, 2014. "Behavioural Economics and Taxation," Taxation Papers 41, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:tax:taxpap:0041

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    Cited by:

    1. Sokolovska, Olena & Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2015. "Analysis of dependence of tax behavior on macroeconomic factors: the case of OECD countries," MPRA Paper 69059, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2016.
    2. Rosdiana Sijabat, 2018. "Understanding Behavioral Economics: A Narrative Perspective," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(2), pages 77-87, June.
    3. Tugay Gunel & Irem Didinmez, 2022. "Relationship between rule of law and tax revenues: dynamic panel data analysis," Public Sector Economics, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 46(3), pages 403-419.
    4. Benno Torgler, 2021. "Behavioral Taxation: Opportunities and Challenges," CREMA Working Paper Series 2021-25, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).
    5. Anna P. Kireyenko, 2015. "Methods of investigating taxation in today’s foreign literature," Journal of Tax Reform, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Ural Federal University, vol. 1(2-3), pages 209-228.
    6. Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2018. "Macroeconomic indicators of determination on tax behaviour of OECD countries," MPRA Paper 84002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Marius Surugiu & Raluca Mazilescu & Camelia Surugiu, 2020. "Tax compliance: cointegration analysis in romanian context," Manager Journal, Faculty of Business and Administration, University of Bucharest, vol. 32(1), pages 116-122, December.
    8. Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2018. "Factors for the formation of inefficient states when using tax incentive regimes," MPRA Paper 89141, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Kerstin Fiederling & Jörg Schiller & Frauke von Bieberstein, 2018. "Can we Trust Consumers’ Survey Answers when Dealing with Insurance Fraud?," Schmalenbach Business Review, Springer;Schmalenbach-Gesellschaft, vol. 70(2), pages 111-147, May.
    10. Vincent, Rose Camille, 2023. "Vertical taxing rights and tax compliance norms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 205(C), pages 443-467.
    11. Iulia E. Labunets & Igor A. Mayburov, 2022. "The Impact of the Size of Enterprises on Tax Evasion in the Forestry Industry of Russia," Journal of Tax Reform, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Ural Federal University, vol. 8(1), pages 88-101.
    12. Roukiatou Nikiema & Pam Zahonogo, 2017. "Taxpayer behaviour and institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa," BeFinD Working Papers 0119, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
    13. Rutkauskas Virgilijus, 2016. "Factors Behind Weak Tax Morale: The Case of European Union Countries," Ekonomika (Economics), Sciendo, vol. 95(3), pages 7-27, December.

    More about this item


    Tax compliance; behavioural economics; economic experiments; survey;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

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