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Real Gross Domestic Income, Relative Prices and Economic Performance Across the OECD

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  • Macdonald, Ryan

Abstract

This paper uses Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) data to examine changes in labour productivity, real gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income (GDI), economic aggregates and relative economic growth over time. Real GDI combines changes in production (real GDP), with a trading gain derived from relative price changes. The paper considers two sources of trading gains: the terms of trade and the real exchange rate. For OECD countries, the terms of trade is the more important price ratio, making a contribution to real income growth that is, on average, an order of magnitude larger than the real exchange rate. Over long time periods, the most important source of real income growth is changes in production. Over shorter time horizons, however, the trading gain can make noteworthy contributions. Changes in aggregates, like real private consumption or the relative economic performance of nations, are shown to be particularly dependent on the trading gain during the large swings in resource prices that occurred after 2002.

Suggested Citation

  • Macdonald, Ryan, 2010. "Real Gross Domestic Income, Relative Prices and Economic Performance Across the OECD," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2010059e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5e:2010059e
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gregory, Robert G., 2012. "Living standards, terms of trade and foreign ownership: reflections on the Australian mining boom," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 56(2), June.
    2. Andreas Benedictow & Pål Boug, 2014. "Calculating the real return of the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global by alternative measures of the deflator," Discussion Papers 775, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    3. Peter Sheehan & Robert G. Gregory, 2013. "The Resources Boom and Economic Policy in the Long Run," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 46(2), pages 121-139, June.
    4. Ville Kaitila, 2016. "GDP growth in Russia: different capital stock series and the terms of trade," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 129-145, April.
    5. Constantin Anghelache & Cristina SACALÃ, 2016. "The analysis of correlation between the GDP and the Gross Income," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(9), pages 88-93, September.
    6. Constantin Anghelache & Cristina SACALÃ, 2016. "Multiple linear regression used to analyse the corelation between GDP and some variables," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(9), pages 94-99, September.
    7. Axel Pierru and Walid Matar, 2014. "The Impact of Oil Price Volatility on Welfare in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Implications for Public Investment Decision-making," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).

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    Keywords

    Economic accounts; Gross domestic product; Productivity accounts;

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