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Primary Schooling in Zambia Squeezed at Community and Household Level




A part of the current economic reform program in Zambia, is to increase standard, efficiency and equity in the primary school sector. This paper studies primary school attendance. A logistic regression analysis is used to show that community level and household level variables affect the likelihood of attending primary school for children between seven and thirteen years of age. A number of community level variables have a significant effect and are also interesting from a policy point of view. Household level variables have even stronger effects. A policy conclusion: There is a need to introduce a widespread scholarship program to ensure equity and efficiency. A scientific conclusion: A multilevel analysis contributes additional insights. A final policy conclusion: There is a need to introduce a widespread scholarship program to ensure equity and efficiency. A final scientific conclusion: A a dedicated multilevel analysis might yield additional insights.

Suggested Citation

  • Liv Belsby & Bjørn K. Wold, 1997. "Primary Schooling in Zambia Squeezed at Community and Household Level," Discussion Papers 191, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:191

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Yngve Willassen & Tor Jakob Klette, 1994. "Correlated Measurement Errors, Bounds on Parameters, and a Model of Producer Behavior," Discussion Papers 112, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
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    More about this item


    Primary school attendance; Zambia; logistic regression model; community level; household level;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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