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Better residential than ethnic discrimination!

Listed author(s):
  • François Bonnet

    (Politiques publiques, ACtion politique, TErritoires)

  • Etienne Lalé

    (Department of Economics (University of Bristol))

  • Mirna Safi

    (Observatoire sociologique du changement)

  • Etienne Wasmer

    (Département d'économie)

Access to housing is difficult for minorities in France. An audit study we run in the Paris area showed that minority applicants do not face a strong disadvantage in the first step of the application; however, the fact that applicants come from a deprived area leads to more frequent unfavorable outcome (we call this residential discrimination as opposed to ethnic discrimination). The puzzle and paradox come from the fact that face-to-face interviews with real-estate agents in the city of Paris and the Parisian region DO NOT confirm this result. If anything, all discrimi-nation arise from ethnicity and agents dis-miss residential discrimination. Our paper, forthcoming in Urban Studies, documents this contrast between quantitative and qualitative methods and proposes interpretations.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/1hdh0a07a59a0r8mc7h1fpjkg6/resources/liepp-md5-bonnet-al-1.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number 5.

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Date of creation: Sep 2015
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/1hdh0a07a59a0r8mc7h1fpjkg6
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  1. Laurent Gobillon & Thierry Magnac & Harris Selod, 2011. "The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris region," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(7), pages 1079-1112, November.
  2. Gobillon, Laurent & Rupert, Peter & Wasmer, Etienne, 2014. "Ethnic unemployment rates and frictional markets," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 108-120.
  3. Michael Fix & Raymond Struyk, 1993. "Clear and convincing evidence: Measurement of discrimination in america," Natural Field Experiments 00241, The Field Experiments Website.
  4. Claire Adida & David Laitin & Marie-Anne Valfort, 2014. "Muslims in France: identifying a discriminatory equilibrium," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(4), pages 1039-1086, October.
  5. James J. Heckman, 1998. "Detecting Discrimination," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 101-116, Spring.
  6. Jan K. Brueckner & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Space and Unemployment: The Labor-Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 242-262, January.
  7. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Residential Discrimination and Ethnic Origin: An experimental assessment in the Paris suburbs," TEPP Working Paper 2011-04, TEPP.
  8. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, Summer.
  9. Verdugo, Gregory, 2011. "Public Housing and Residential Segregation of Immigrants in France, 1968-1999," IZA Discussion Papers 5456, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale PETIT & Florent SARI, 2010. "Les effets du lieu de résidence sur l’accès à l’emploi : une expérience contrôlée sur des jeunes qualifiés en Ile de France," Documents de recherche 10-01, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  11. Stephen L. Ross & John Yinger, 2002. "The Color of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology, and Fair-Lending Enforcement," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262182289, January.
  12. Cris Beauchemin & Christelle Hamel & Maud Lesné & Patrick Simon & l'enquête TeO, 2010. "Les discriminations : une question de minorités visibles," Population et Sociétés 466, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
  13. Yinger, John, 1986. "Measuring Racial Discrimination with Fair Housing Audits: Caught in the Act," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 881-893, December.
  14. Bosch, Mariano & Carnero, M. Angeles & Farré, Lídia, 2010. "Information and discrimination in the rental housing market: Evidence from a field experiment," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 11-19, January.
  15. Robert Sampson & Patrick Sharkey, 2008. "Neighborhood selection and the social reproduction of concentrated racial inequality," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 45(1), pages 1-29, February.
  16. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
  17. Ahmed, Ali M. & Hammarstedt, Mats, 2008. "Discrimination in the rental housing market: A field experiment on the Internet," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 362-372, September.
  18. repec:cai:poeine:pope_605_0645 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. Michael Ewens & Bryan Tomlin & Liang Choon Wang, 2014. "Statistical Discrimination or Prejudice? A Large Sample Field Experiment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(1), pages 119-134, March.
  20. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2002. "Does City Structure Affect Job Search and Welfare?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 515-541, May.
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