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Baseline Considerations in Designing REDD+ Pilot Projects: Evidence from Nepal


  • Bishnu Prasad Sharma
  • Mani Nepal
  • Bhaskar S. Karky
  • Subhrendu Pattanayak
  • Priya Shyamsundar


In this paper we discuss how three criteria - carbon effectiveness, cost efficiency, and equity and co-benefits - can be incorporated in the experimental design for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation and enhancing forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+). We discuss how additional design components can be introduced using a propensity score matching method in pre-selected study sites. Finally, we explain how this carefully designed study has helped to prepare the ground for a difference-in-difference framework for future outcome and impact evaluation. Given the lack of adequate data in developing country scenarios, and the mismatch between project implementation and impact evaluation, this paper highlights how a reliable baseline for forest carbon, ecology, and social and livelihood indicators could be created by collecting data at community level. This paper concludes with considerations for future outcomes and an impact evaluation of the REDD+ mechanism.

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  • Bishnu Prasad Sharma & Mani Nepal & Bhaskar S. Karky & Subhrendu Pattanayak & Priya Shyamsundar, "undated". "Baseline Considerations in Designing REDD+ Pilot Projects: Evidence from Nepal," Working papers 101, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:snd:wpaper:101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Subhrendu K. Pattanayak & Sven Wunder & Paul J. Ferraro, 2010. "Show Me the Money: Do Payments Supply Environmental Services in Developing Countries?," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(2), pages 254-274, Summer.
    2. Bosetti, Valentina & Rose, Steven K., 2011. "Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: issues for policy design and implementation," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(04), pages 357-360, August.
    3. Jennifer M. Alix-Garcia & Elizabeth N. Shapiro & Katharine R. E. Sims, 2012. "Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico’s National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 88(4), pages 613-638.
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    REDD+; impact evaluations; forest carbon; co-benefits; Nepal;

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