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Déséquilibres, système bancaire et chômage involontaire

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  • Stéphane Mussard
  • Bernard Philippe

Abstract

Afin de lutter contre le chômage « ...qui, en dehors de courts intervalles d’emballement, est une conséquence, et à notre avis une conséquence inévitable, de l’individualisme tel qu’il apparaît dans le régime capitaliste moderne. » (Keynes J.M., 1968, p. 394-395), Keynes propose de réguler le fonctionnement de la composante marché des capitaux des systèmes financiers. Nous montrons que cette conclusion peut être étendue à la composante bancaire de ces systèmes. Notre argumentation repose sur un constat. Il n’est guère raisonnable de supposer que ‘l’équilibre mouvant’ étudié dans la Théorie générale puisse être conçu et atteint dans les économies capitalistes. Ce constat incite à envisager une analyse hors équilibre des déterminants du chômage involontaire. C’est la tentative que nous proposons qui nous conduit à étendre au fonctionnement des banques la proposition formulée par Keynes à propos des marchés des capitaux.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe, 2010. "Déséquilibres, système bancaire et chômage involontaire," Cahiers de recherche 10-26, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:10-26
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    File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-1026.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    Cited by:

    1. Mussard, Stéphane & Philippe, Bernard, 2011. "On the links between unemployment rate, monetary creation and the value-added sharing," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 767-774, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chômage involontaire; déséquilibre; Hicks; Keynes; système bancaire;

    JEL classification:

    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • C39 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Other

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