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Convergence of Standards of Living Across Indian States


  • Kshamanidhi Adabar

    (Institute for social and Economic Change)


Given the limitations using per capita income in evaluating social well being, this study measures standard of living by real per capita consumption and re-examines whether the standards of living across Indian States are converging or not. b -convergence is found for rural sectors of the states during the pre-liberalisation era. Similar result is obtained by combining the rural and urban areas of the states. In contrast, reform period shows opposite results. Furthermore, s -convergence shows that consumption inequality has increased over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Kshamanidhi Adabar, 2004. "Convergence of Standards of Living Across Indian States," Working Papers 153, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
  • Handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:153

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
    2. L. Wade, 1988. "Review," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 99-100, July.
    3. Angus Deaton and Jean Drèze & Jean Drèze, 2002. "Poverty and Inequality in India: A Reexamination," Working papers 107, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
    4. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Nirupam Bajpai & Ananthi Ramiah, 2002. "Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 1(3), pages 32-62.
    5. Sen, Amartya, 1974. "Informational bases of alternative welfare approaches : Aggregation and income distribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 387-403, November.
    6. repec:pri:rpdevs:deaton_dreze_poverty_india is not listed on IDEAS
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    Standards of Living; Household Consumption;


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