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Marx, the Production Function and the Old Neoclassical Equilibrium: Workable under the Same Assumptions? With an Appendix on the Likelihood of Reswitching and of Wicksell Effects

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  • Schefold, Bertram


    (Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main)

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    A stochastic approach has been introduced to explain the empirically observed fact that wage curves calculated from input-output systems tend to be nearly linear and that the paradoxes of capital appear to be rare. The stochastic approach allows to justify the simplifying treatment of normal prices common to 19th and early 20th century authors as diverse as Marx (transformation problem), Wicksell (old neoclassical equilibrium), J.B. Clark (neoclassical production function). It is shown that the likelihood of reverse capital deepening is much lower than that of Wicksell effects. With this, the likely characteristics of the wage frontier obtained from a multiplicity of input-output tables are derived. The conclusion summarises what we know and do not know about the validity of the Cambridge critique of capital.

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    Paper provided by Centro di Ricerche e Documentazione "Piero Sraffa" in its series Centro Sraffa Working Papers with number CSWP19.

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    Length: 57 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2016
    Handle: RePEc:ris:sraffa:0019
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    1. Stefano Zambelli, 2004. "The 40% neoclassical aggregate theory of production," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(1), pages 99-120, January.
    2. Paul A. Samuelson, 1966. "A Summing Up," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(4), pages 568-583.
    3. Schefold, B, 1988. "The Dominant Technique in Joint Production Systems," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 97-123, March.
    4. Bertram Schefold, 2016. "Profits equal surplus value on average and the significance of this result for the Marxian theory of accumulationBeing a new contribution to Engels’ Prize Essay Competition, based on random matrices a," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(1), pages 165-199.
    5. Zonghie Han & Bertram Schefold, 2006. "An empirical investigation of paradoxes: reswitching and reverse capital deepening in capital theory," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(5), pages 737-765, September.
    6. Schefold, Bertram, 1979. "Capital, Growth, and Definitions of Technical Progress," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(1/2), pages 236-250.
    7. Theodore Mariolis & Lefteris Tsoulfidis, 2014. "On Bródy'S Conjecture: Theory, Facts And Figures About Instability Of The Us Economy," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(2), pages 209-223, June.
    8. Stefano Zambelli, 2014. "Aggregate Production Functions and Neoclassical Properties: An Empirical Verification," ASSRU Discussion Papers 1405, ASSRU - Algorithmic Social Science Research Unit.
    9. Salvadori, Neri & Steedman, Ian, 1988. "No Reswitching? No Switching!," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(4), pages 481-486, December.
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