To Copy or not to Copy: Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Trade
Empirical literature has largely concluded that increasing intellectual property rights (IPRs) leads to increased trade as firms see the value of their goods (and the ideas embodied in them) increase. These exercises, however, fail to incorporate the changing incentives of developing country firms to reallocate resources from imitative to innovative efforts. I develop a theoretical and empirically tractable Ricardian trade model to test how increasing intellectual property right standards affect trade flows and the composition of industrial development in both developed and developing countries. Using Mexico as an “average” developing economy, I find that a moderate increase in IPR standards leads to an 8% increase in imports from the United States and a 30% increase in Mexican firms choosing to reallocate resources from imitation towards innovation. These results suggest that the increase in trade and Mexican research capacity more than offsets any loss associated with foregone imitation.
|Date of creation:||2008|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA|
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- Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001.
"International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications,"
Oxford Economic Papers,
Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
- Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," CID Working Papers 42A, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
- Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," CID Working Papers 42, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
- Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications," NBER Working Papers 7911, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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